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Terminology Lesson 6

Medical Terminology Lesson 6 - Prefix and Suffix A to H

Prefix a, an without
anencephalic without a brain
Prefix ab away from
abduction away from, rotate
Prefix ad toward
adduction toward, rotate
ADA American Dental Association
Prefix/Suffix (mostly suffix) algia pain
neuralgia nerve pain
Prefix/Suffix ante (pre-,pro-) before, wall part
antepartum before birth
Prefix anti against
antibacterial against bacteria
Prefix bi (bis-,di-) two, double
bilateral two sides
Prefix/Suffix brady slow
bradycardia slow heartbeat
Prefix circum (peri-) around
circumrenal around the kidney
Ecchymosis condition of bruising
hematoma a pocket of blood that has clotted and formed a palpable (you can feel it) mass
Prefix/Suffix co, con together
concentric together center, same center
Prefix/Suffix de down or away from
dehydrate away from hydration
Prefix/Suffix (mostly suffix) desis binding, fixation of
arthrodesis surgical fixation of a joint
Prefix/Suffix dia through
diaplacental through the placenta
Prefix dys (un-,mis-,dis-) difficult, abnormal
dysemia abnormal blood
Prefix ecto (ect-,exo-) outside
ectocornea outer layer of the cornea
Prefix/Suffix (mostly suffix) ectomy (-tomy) excision
tonsillectomy tonsil removal
Prefix endo (ento-) within
endogastric within the stomach
nare nostril
Prefix epi outer, on top of, over
epigastric top of stomach
Prefix exo (ecto-) away from
exophthalmus eyes bulging away from
congenital patient was born with the condition
Prefix/Suffix extra outside, beyond
extrasensory beyond senses
acute severe or intense
Prefix ferro iron
ferrokinetics study of iron metabolism
Prefix/Suffix fore before
forehead before head
laceration cut
contusion bruise
forefinger index finger, 1st finger you use
Prefix/Suffix form (-oid, morpho-) shape of
reniform kidney-shaped
Prefix/Suffix graphy (-gram) writing, record
graphospasm writer's cramp
Prefix hemi (semi-) half
hemiparesis paralysis to one half of the body
Prefix hydra, hydro (hydr-) water
hydrophobia water, afraid of
Prefix hyper above
hypertension high tension
Prefix hypo below
hypothermic below temperature
anonymous without a name
abducted taken away
adventure toward a venture
antediluvian before the biblical flood
antifreeze against freeze
bilingual two languages
circumnavigate to go around
coexist live together
defamed lowered respect of
diagonal angled through
dysfunctional not functional
ectoplasm outside substance
epicurean top of the line, the best
exotic away from normal, unusual
extracurricular outside the normal curriculum
forecast before it happens, prediction
formula shape of method study
telegraph communications device
Hemisphere half circle
hydroplane watercraft
hyperactive above normal activity
hypothesis underlying reason, thought, idea, paradigm
Created by: josimaryduke