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Medical Term

Terminology

TermDefinition
cyanosis blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.
erythrocyte mature red blood cell
leukocyte white blood cell
melanosis any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs
poliomyelitis a viral infection of the gray nerve tissue of the spinal cord
gastroenteritis an inflammation of the stomach & the small intestine
neuroplasty the surgical repair of a nerve
neurorrhaphy suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
tonsillitis an inflammation of the tonsils
tonsillectomy the surgical removal of the tonsils
cranium the portion of the skill that encloses the brain
cardiac pertaining to the heart
gastrosis any disease of the stomach
pathology the study of all aspects of diseases
gastralgia (stomachache) pain in the stomach
gastritis an inflammation of the stomach
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
arteriomalacia the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arterionecrosis the tissue death of an artery or arteries
arteriosclerosis the abnormal hardening of an artery or arteries
arteriostenosis the abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
abdominocentesis the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
angiography the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of blood vessels
angiogram the resulting film that is produced by angiography
myoplasty the surgical repair of a muscle
atrhroscopy the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
hemorrhage the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
myorrhaphy the surgical suturing of a muscle wound
diarrhea the frequent flow of loose or watery stools
myorrhexis the rupture of a muscle
prenatal the time & events before birth
perinatal the time & events surrounding birth
postnatal the time & events after birth
abnormal not normal or away from normal
dysfunctional an organ or body part that is not working properly
hypertension higher-than-normal blood pressure
interstitial between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
subcostal below a rib or ribs
addiction being drawn toward or having a strong dependence on a drug or substance
eupnea easy or normal breathing
hypotension lower-than-normal blood pressure
intramuscular within the muscle
supracostal above or outside the ribs
lithotomy surgical incision for the removal of a stone (it is also the name of an examination position in which the patient is laying on her back with her feet & legs raised & supported in stirrups)
appendicitis an inflammation of the appendix
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes
endarterial pertaining to the interior of lining of an artery
atheroma a fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
arthralgia pain in a joint or joints
appendectomy the surgical removal of the appendix
colostomy the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon & the body surface
colotomy the surgical incision into the colon
fissure a groove or crack-like sore of the skin
fistula an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body. A fistula may be due to surgery, injury, or the draining of an abscess
ileum the last & longest portion of the small intestine
ilium part of the hip bone
meningitis the cause of an inflammation (infection)
tendinitis caused by overuse
infection the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism. infections can remain localized (near the point of entry) or systematic (affecting the entire body)
malaise a feeling of discomfort or uneasiness (often the first indication of an infection or other disease)
exudate a fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound
inflammation a localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues
indications of inflammation erythema (redness) hyperthermia (heat) edema (swelling) pain
laceration a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut
lesion a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
mucous the specialized membranes that line the body cavities
mucus the name of the fluid secreted by mucous membranes
mycosis any abnormal disease or condition caused by a fungus
myelopathy any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy any pathologic change or disease of the muscle tissue
palpation an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, & location of certain body parts
palpitation a pounding or racing heart
pyelitis an inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyoderma any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
pyrosis (heartburn) discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
supination the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is foward or upward
suppuration the formation of discharge of pus
triage the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
trauma wound or injury
viral pertaining to a virus
virile having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male
Created by: cmanelly