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Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
centesis surgical puncture
clasis to break (surgical fracture)
desis binding, fixation, (usually bone or joint)
ectomy excision/removal
lysis separation; destruction; loosening
pexy fixation (of an organ)
plasty surgical repair
rrhaphy suture
stomy forming an opening
tome instrument to cut
tomy incision
tripsy crushing
gram record writing
graph instrument for recording
scope instrument for examining
graphy process of recording
scopy visual examining
aliga pain
dynia pain
cele hernia/swelling
ectosis dilation, expansion
emesis vomiting
emia blood condition
gen forming, producing, origin
genesis forming, producing, origin
itis inflammation
malacia softening
megaly enlargement
oma tumor
osis abnormal condition, increase
pathy disease
penia decrease, deficiency
phobia fear
plegia paralysis
ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
rrhea discharge, flow
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
stenosis narrowing, stricture
toxic poison
ac pertaining to
al pertaining to
ar pertaining to
axy pertaining to
eal pertaining to
ic pertaining to
ior pertaining to
ous pertaining to
tic pertaining to
ia condition
ism condition
y condition
iatry medicine/treatment
ist medicine/treatment
icle small/minute
ole small/minute
ule small/minute
endo in or within
intra in or within
epi above, upon
hypo under, below, deficent
infra under, below
sub under, below
inter between
retro backward, behind
dipl double
diplo double
qudri four
mono one
ab forward, away from
ad toward
circum around
peri around
dia through, across
trans through, across
ecto outside, outward
exo outside, outward
extra outside, outward
para near, besides, beyond, to bear
super upper, above
supra above, excessive, superior
a without, not , absent
an without, not, absent
anti against
contra against, opposite
auto self, own
brady slow
dys bad, painful, difficult
eu good, normal
hetero different
homo same
homeo same
tachy rapid
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
kary/o nucleus
nucle/o nucleus
anter/o anterior,front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
dist/o farthest, far
dors/o back (of body)
infer/o lower, below
later/o side, to one side
medi/o middle
poster/o back(of body), behind, posterior
proxim/o near, nearest
ventr/o belly, belly side
albin/o white
leuk/o white
chrom/o color
cirrh/o yellow
juand/o yellow
xanth/o yellow
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
melan/o black
poli/o grey
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius
viscer/o internal organs
Created by: mmiddl12