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GEN ANA 2 lesson 1

language of anatomy

TermDefinition
AXIAL relating to head, neck and trunk, the axis of the body
APPENDICULAR relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis
ABDOMINAL anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
ACROMIAL point of the shoulder
ANTEBRACHIAL forearm
ANTECUBITAL anterior surface of the elbow
AXILLARY armpit
BRACHIAL arm
BUCCAL cheek
CARPAL wrist
CEPHALIC head
CERVICAL neck region
COXAL hip
CRURAL leg
DIGITAL fingers or toes
FEMORAL thigh
FIBULAR (PERONEAL) side of the leg
FRONTAL forehead
HALLUX great toe
INGUINAL groin area
MAMMARY breast region
MANUS hand
MENTAL chin
NASAL nose
ORAL mouth
ORBITAL bony eye socket (orbit)
PALMAR palm of the hand
PATELLAR anterior knee (kneecap) region
PEDAL foot
PELVIC pelvis region
POLLEX thumb
PUBIC genital region
STERNAL region of the breastbone
TARSAL ankle
THORACIC chest
UMBILICAL navel
CALCANEAL heel of the foot
DORSUM back
GLUTEAL buttocks or rump
LUMBAR area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin
OCCIPITAL posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull
OLECRANAL posterior aspect of the elbow
OTIC ear
PERINEAL region between the anus and external genitalia
PLANTAR sole of the foot
POPLITEAL back of the knee
SACRAL region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)
SCAPULAR scapula or shoulder blade area
SURAL calf or posterior surface of the leg
VERTEBRAL area of the spinal column
SUPERIOR / INFERIOR (ABOVE/BELOW) refers to placement of a structure along the long axis of the body
ANTERIOR front
POSTERIOR back
SUPERIOR above
INFERIOR below
CEPHALAD/ CRANIAL toward the head; superior in humans; anterior in four-legged animals
CAUDAL toward the tail; inferior in humans; posterior in four-legged animals
DORSAL backside; posterior in humans; superior in four-legged animals
VENTRAL belly side; anterior in humansl inferior in four-legged animals
PROXIMAL nearer the trunk or attached end
DISTAL farther from the trunk or point of attachment
SUPERFICIAL external; toward or at the body surface
DEEP internal; away from the body surface
MEDIAL toward the midline
LATERAL away from the midline or median plane
SAGITTAL PLANE plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts
MEDIAN / MIDSAGITTAL PLANE divides the body into equal parts, right down the midline of the body
FRONTAL PLANE plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body (or organ) into anterior and posterior parts
CORONAL PLANE another term for frontal plane
TRANSVERSE PLANE plane that runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
CROSS SECTIONS when organs are sectioned along the transverse plane
CRANIAL CAVITY contains the brain
VERTEBRAL CAVITY contains the spinal cord; aka spinal cavity
THORACIC CAVITY contains the heart and lungs
ABDOMINAL CAVITY contains the stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs
PELVIC CAVITY contains the reproductive organs, bladder and rectum
PARIETAL SEROSA serous membrane lining the cavity walls
VISCERAL SEROSA serous membrane covering the surface of the organs within the cavity
PERITONEUM serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs
PLEURA serosa lining the lungs
PERICARDIUM serosa lining the heart
UMBILICAL REGION the centermost region, which includes the umbilicus (navel)
EPIGASTRIC REGION immediately superior to the umbilical region; overlies most of the stomach
HYPOGASTRIC region immediately inferior to the umbilical region; encompasses the pubic area
PUBIC REGION aka hypogastric region
ILIAC REGION lateral to the hypogastric region and overlying the superior parts of the hip bones
INGUINAL REGION aka iliac region
LUMBAR REGIONS between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones
LUMBAR REGIONS lateral to the umbilical regions
HYPOCHONDRIAC REGIONS lateral to the epigastric region overlying the lower ribs
ORAL CAVITY mouth; contains tongue and teeth; continuous with the rest of the digestive tube, which opens to the exterior at the anus
NASAL CAVITY located within and posterior to the nose; part of the passages of the respiratory system
ORBITAL CAVITIES located in the skull that house the eyes and present them in an anterior position
MIDDLE EAR CAVITIES contain tiny bones and transmit sound vibrations to the hearing receptors in the inner ears
SYNOVIAL CAVITIES joint cavities enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body, such as those between the vertebrae and knee and hip joints
Created by: aucarlos