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HLHS 101 CH 5

Medical Terminology NERVOUS SYSTEM

TermDefinition
cerebr/o, enchephal/o brain
cerebell/o cerebellum
lob/o lobe
cephal/o head
crani/o head, skull
mening/o, meningi/o meninges (membrane around brain and spinal cord)
dur/o dura
neur/o nerve
gangli/o nerve bundle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
esthesi/o feeling, sensation
phas/o speech
phren/o, psych/o mind
somn/o, somn/i, hypn/o sleep
gnosi/o know
-mania excessive desire
-phobia excessive fear or sensitivity
-paresis slight or partial paralysis
ton/o muscle tone, tension, pressure
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
-plegia paralysis
-asthenia weakness
head, head/skull, brain, little brain cephal/o, cerebr/o, cerebell/o
removal of a lobe lobectomy
abnormally large head condition macrocephalus
blood tumor beneath dura subdural hematosis
inability to speak aphasia
difficulty speaking (bad speech condition) dysphasia
root for nerve bundle gangli/a
root for spinal cord or bone marrow myel/o
root for feeling, sensation esthesi/o
hypnotic - root hypn/o = sleep
weak voice phonasthenia
brief loss of mental function delirium
loss/decline in mental function dementia
difficulty speaking dys/phas/ia
head pain cephalalgia cephalodynia
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
ultasound of brain echoencephalography
EEG electroencephalogram
condition one sensation is experienced as another synesthesia
brain hernia encephalocele
pronunciation of meningocele meh-NIN-goh-seel
G before AOU GUH
G before IEY JUH
JUH - g before ??? g before iey
GUH - g before ??? g before auo
inflammation of multiple nerves polyneuritis
nerve tumor neuroma
lack of emotion apathy
nerve weakness neurasthenia NIR-as-THEN-ee-ah
neuroglycopenia deficiency of sugar that interferes with normal brain activity
NYSTAGMUS involuntary back and forth eye movements
aneurysm weakening of an artery wall that creates a bulge, or distention, of the artery
blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a clot cerebral thrombosis
nerve bundle tumor ganglioma = GAN-glee-OH-mah
preictal before seizure
interictal during seizure
postictal after seizure
neuroarthropathy - break it down neuro/arthro/pathy
drug that causes loss of sensation anesthetic
incision into the skull craniotomy
removal of a piece of the skull craniectomy
TIA Transient ischemic attack. Mini stroke. Temporary.
pharm/a medicine
CVA stroke
Created by: spritle