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Appendix 1 Cardio

Appendix 1 Body Systems: Cardiovascular System

angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
venul/o venule
angioplasty surgical repair of blood vessels
aortic stenosis narrowing of the largest artery
arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries
arteriolitis inflammation of small arteries
cardiomyopathy disease of heart muscle
pericardium membrane surrounding the heart
coronary arteries arteries of the heart
phlebotomy incision of a vein
intravenous pertaining to within a vein
venulitis inflammation of small veins
aneurysm widening of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall or breakdown of the wall
angina chest pain caused by decrease blood flow to heart muscle
arrhythmia abnormal heartbeat
atherosclerosis hardening of arteries with a collection of cholesterol-like plaque
congestive heart failure inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood
hypertension high blood pressure
myocardial infarction heart attack
shock group of signs and symptoms indicating poor oxygen supply to tissues and insufficient return of blood to the heart
angiography recording blood vessels after the injection of contrast into the bloodstream
cardiac catheterization introducing a catheter into a vein or artery to measure pressure and flow patterns of blood
cardiac enzyme test measurements of enzymes released into the bloodstream after a heart attack
doppler ultrasound measuring blood flow in vessels via sound waves
echocardiography producing images of the heart via sound waves or echoes
electrocardiography recording electricity flowing through the heart
holter monitoring detection of abnormal heart rhythms that involves having a patient wear a compact version of an electrocardiograph for 24 hours
lipid test measurements of cholesterol and triglycerides levels in the blood
lipoprotein tests measurement of high density lipoprotein and low-level lipoprotein in the blood
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) producing an image, by beaming magnetic waves at the heart, that gives detailed information about congenital heart disease, cardiac masses, and disease within large blood vessels
MUGA scan imaging the motion of heart wall muscles and assessing the function of the heart via a multiple-gated acquisition scan, which uses radioactive chemicals
positron emission tomography (PET) scan radioactive chemicals, which release radioactive particles, are injected into the bloodstream and travel to the heart.
stress test an electrocardiogram plus blood pressure and heart rate measurements shows the heart's response to physical exertion (treadmill test)
technetium Tc 99m sestamibi scan radioactive chemical is injected intravenously to show perfusion (flow) of blood in heart muscle. it show "hot spots" where there is a myocardial infarction
thallium-201 scan radioactive test that shows were injected thallium-201 localized in heart muscle
cardiac catheter ablation flexible tube is threaded through blood vessels into the heart to destroy (ablate) abnormal tissue that causes arrhythmias
cardioverson brief discharge of electricity passing across the chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia (abnormal rhythm)
coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) vessels taken from the patient's legs or chest are connected to coronary arteries to make detours around blockages
endarterectomy surgical removal of the innermost lining of an artery to remove fatty deposits and clots
heart transplantation a donor heart is transferred to a recipient
percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) a balloon-tipped catheter is threaded into a coronary artery to compress fatty deposits and open the artery ; also called balloon angioplasty
stents expandable slotted tubes
thrombolytic therapy drugs such as tPA (tissue plasminogen activator) and streptokinase are injected into a patient's bloodstream to dissolve clots that may cause a heart attack
ACS Acute Coronary Syndrome
AED Automated external defibrillator
AMI Acute Myocardial Infarction
BP blood pressure
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
CCU Coronary Care Unit
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
ECG Electrocardiography
ECHO Echocardiography
HDL High-density lipoprotein
HTN Hypertension
ICD Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
LDL Low-density lipoprotein
PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention
Created by: amcdoulett