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Vascular terms for podiatrists

Atrophy Wasting or reduction in size
Bullae Large blister or vesicle
Cellulitis Sub-cutaneous bacterial infection esp St aureus or St. pyogenes
Crust Outer layer or coating from dried pus, serum or blood
Cyanosis Blue colouration
Cyst Abnormal closed epitherial lined cavity fluid or semi-solid
Depigmentation Reduction of pigment or loss
Fissure Cleft or groove, linear crack
Haemociderosis Increased brown pigmentation caused by iron leaving tissues
Hyperkeratosis Increased keratin in skin - corns and callus
Hyperpigmentation Above normal pigment in the skin
Hypopigmentation Below normal pigment in skin
Lichenification Hyperkeratosis of skin caused by chronic inflammation. Scale like appearance
Macule Flat discoloured area, non-palpable.
Erosion Shallow or superficial ulceration
Erythema Redness of skin
Pallor Pale skin
Papule Small solid palpable elevation of skin, doesn't contain pus. <5mm
Plaque Superficial solid elevated skin lesion which is flat topped
Pustule Small inflamed swelling that is filled with pus
Rubor Redness - sign of inflammation
Scale Thin flake of cornified epithelial cells
Scar Cicatrix, fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue
Slough Layer or mass of dead tissue separated from surrounding living tissue
Telangectasia Permanent dilation of pre-existing blood vessels causing elevated dark blotches on skin
Ulcer Local defect or excavation of surface produced by sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue
Lesion Pathologic or traumatic discontinuity of tissue
Nodule Small mass of palpable tissue >5mm (large papule)
Necrosis Localised tissue death
Vesicle Serous containing elevation in epidermis, a small blister <5mm
Wheal Smooth red or pale raised area of skin
Blister localised swelling containing serous fluid
Created by: Sonialancaster



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