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Learning Outcome 2

WSET Level 3

Sub RegionRegionCountryClimatePrincipal Grape VarietiesOther Grape VarietiesCharacteristicsSoil
Cotes de Bordeaux (Blay, Francs, Castillon, Cadillac) Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Merlot Cab Sauv, Cab Franc tend to be more Merlot based and meant for early drinking. Can offer excellent value for money. All right bank Clay, some gravel
Entre-Deux-Mers Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime WHITE ONLY: Sauv Blanc Semillon Tend to be made from Sauv Blanc in an unoaked style Clay and Limestone
Medoc Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Merlot Cab Sauv Northernmost part of the Medoc, called Bas Medoc and labelled simply Medoc. Wines tend to have a higher proportion of Merlot in the blend than those to the south and tend to be more early drinking Clay with outcroppings of gravel
Haut Medoc Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv Merlot Within Haut-Medoc a number of smaller communes in which most of the higher classified chateaux can be found. From north to south the four with the highest reputation: Saint-Estephe, Pauillac, Saint-Julien, and Margaux. gravely
Saint-Estephe Bordeaux - Haut-Medoc France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv Merlot Wines tend to have high percentage of Cab Sauv in the blend and display a core of blackcurrant fruit, cedar notes from oak. Can have grippy tannins when young and often have long ageing potential Gravely
Pauillac Bordeaux - Haut-Medoc France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv Merlot Wines tend to have high percentage of Cab Sauv in the blend and display a core of blackcurrant fruit, cedar notes from oak. Can have grippy tannins when young and often have long ageing potential Gravely
Saint-Julien Bordeaux - Haut-Medoc France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv Merlot Wines tend to have high percentage of Cab Sauv in the blend and display a core of blackcurrant fruit, cedar notes from oak. Can have grippy tannins when young and often have long ageing potential Gravely
Margaux Bordeaux - Haut-Medoc France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv Merlot Wines tend to have high percentage of Cab Sauv in the blend and display a core of blackcurrant fruit, cedar notes from oak. Can have grippy tannins when young and often have long ageing potential Gravely
Graves Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Merlot, Sauv Blanc Cab Sauv South of Pessac-Leognan. Red wines similar in style to Pessac-Leognan but less concentrated and complex and usually with higher proportion of Merlot. Whites tend to be SB in unoaked style. Gravely
Pessac-Leognan Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Cab Sauv, Sauv Blanc, Semillon Merlot Immediately south of city of Bordeaux. Most highly rated area in Graves. Soils well suited to Cab Sauv. Wines are a little lighter in body and more fragrant than the Haut-Medoc. Gravely
Saint Emilion Bordeaux - Right Bank France Moderate maritime Merlot Cab Franc, Cab Sauv Larger of the two principal appellations with three distinct groups of vineyards. Top wines from vineyards on plateau north and west of town with warm, well draining gravel and limestone. Other on escarpment south and east with clay limestone soils. Gravel, Clay, Limestone
Saint-Emilion Grand Cru Bordeaux - Right Bank France Moderate Maritime Merlot Cab Franc, Cab Sauv Medium to high tannins but compared with more structured Left Bank wines, have a soft and rich mouth feel with complex red berry and plum, developing tobacco and cedar as they evolve. Gravel, Clay, Limestone
Pomerol Bordeaux - Right Bank France Moderate Maritime Merlot Cab Franc, Cab Sauv Wines tend to be richer than St-Emilion with a spicier blackberry fruit character
Sauternes Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Semillon, Sauv Blanc Muscadelle west bank of the Garonne. misty autumn conditions for noble rot. Passerillage needed to help concentrate sugars in years when there is little noble rot. wines tend to be high in alcohol, sweet balanced by high acidity Gravel
Barsac Bordeaux France Moderate Maritime Semillon, Sauv Blanc Muscadelle Barsac have right to use either Barsac of Sauternes appellation name..Best wines tend to be high in alcohol, sweet yet balanced by high acidity and display apricot and citrus peel aromas. Gravel
Bordeaux Bordeaux France moderate maritime Black: Cab Sauv, Cab Franc, Merlot White: Semillon, Sauv Blanc Black: Petit Verdot White: Muscadelle Moderate Maritime climate that benefits from the effect of the Gulf Stream. Largest appellation region in France in terms of both volume and value. Clay and Gravel
Bordeaux Superieur Bordeaux France moderate maritime Black: Cab Sauv, Cab Franc, Merlot White: Semillon, Sauv Blanc Appellation rules require higher level of alcohol in final wine compared to Bordeaux appellations. Early drinking medium-bodied wines with ripe red and black fruit, sometimes cedar notes from oak. Gravel and Clay
Created by: Amber.crown