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ML Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder, sac
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus(opening)
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
albumin/o albumin
azot/o urea, nitrogen
blast/o developing cell, germ cell
glyc/o, glycos/o sugar
hydr/o water
lith/o stone, calculus
noct/i night
olig/o scanty, few
son/o sound
tom/o cut, section
urin/o, ur/o urine, urinary tract
-iasis, -esis condition
-gram -record, radiographic image
-lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
-megaly enlargement
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhapy suturing, reparing
-tripsy surgical crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-uria urine, urination
ureteritis inflammation of the ureter
nephromegaly enlargement of the bladder
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
nephrohypertrophy excessive development of the kidney
urethrocystitis inflammation of the urethra & bladder
cystocele protrusion of the bladder
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of water in the kidney
cystolith stone in the bladder
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
nephroma tumor of the kidney
nephroptosis a drooping kidney
nephritis inflammation of a kidney
nephrolithiasis condition of stones in the kidney
ureterocele protrusion of a ureter
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
uremia condition of urine in the blood
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis & the kidney
ureterolithiosis condition of stones in the ureters
nephroblastoma kidney tumor containing developing cells
renal calculus stones in the kindney
urinary retention the inability to urinate, which results in an abnormal amount of urine in the bladder
polycystic kidney disease a condition in which a kidney is enlarged & contains many cysts
hypospadias condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis
renal hypertension elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
urinary suppression sudden stoppage of urine formation
epispadias condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
urinary tract infection infection of one of more organs of the urinary system
sepsis condition in which pathogenic microorganisms enter the bloodstream
ureterostomy creation of an artificial opening into the ureter
nephrectomy excision of a kidney
pyelolithotomy incision of the renal pelvis to remove a stone
cystorrhaphy suturing of the bladder
nephrolysis separating the kidney
nephrostomy creation of an artifical opening into the kidney
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
cystectomy excision of the bladder
meatotomy incision of th meatus
cystotomy incision of the bladder
vesicotomy incision of the bladder
pyeloplasty surgical repair of the renal pelvis
ureterectomy excision of the ureter
nephropexy surgical fixation of the kidney
cystolithotomy incision into the bladder to remove a stone
lithotripsy surgical crushing of a stone
vesicourethral pertaining to the bladder & urethra
cystostomy creation of an artificial opening into the bladder
nephropyelolithotomy incision through the kidney into the renal pelvis to remove a stone
renal transplant the surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney
fulguration the destruction of living tissue with an electric spark
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stones
cystoscopy visual examination of the bladder
nephrotomogram sectional radiographic image of the kidney
urogram radiographic image of the urinary tract
meatoscope instrument used for visual exam of the meatus
urethroscope instrument used for visual exam of the urethra
nephrosonography process of radiographic recording the kidney using sound
cystogram radiographic image of the bladder
meatoscopy visual exam of the meatus
cystoscope instrument used for visual exam of the bladder
cystourethrography radiographic imaging of the bladder & the urethra
cystography radiographic imaging of the bladder
nephrogram radiographic image of the kidney
urinometer instrument used to measure urine
renogram record of the kidney
nephrography radiographic imaging of the kidney
urogram radiographic image of the urinary tract
nephroscopy visual exam of the kidney
ureteroscopy visual exam of the ureter
KUB(kidney,ureter,& bladder) radiographic image of the abdomen used to view the kidneys, ureters, & bladder to determine size, shape, & location
speatic gravity a urine test to measure concentrating or diluting abilities of the kidneys
blood urea nirtogen measures the amount of urea in the blood
urinalysis multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen
creatinine a blood test that measures the amount of creatinine in blood
nocturia night urination
oliguria scanty urine
pyuria pus in the urine
urologist physician who studies & treats the urinary tract
polyuria much (excessive) urine
azotemia excessive urea & nitrogenous substances in the blood
urinary pertaining to urine
hematuria blood in the urine
urology study of the urinary tract
diuresis condition of urine passing through
anuria absence of urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
albuminuria albumin in the urine
meatal pertaining to the meatus
nephrology study of the kidney
nephrologist physician who studies & treats the kidney
urinal a receptacle for urine
hemodialysis process of removing impurities from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so
catheter flexible, tubelike device for withdrawing or instilling fluids
urinary catheterization passage of a tubelike device into the urinary bladder to remove urine
distended stretched out
diuretic increases the formation & excretion of urine
incontinence inability to control the bladder and/or bowels
void to evacuate or empty waste material, especially urine
micturate, or urinate to void liquid waste
peritoneal dialysis use of peritoneal cavity to hold dialyzing fluid in the removal of toxic wastes
stricture narrowing
enuresis involuntary urination
urodynamics force & flow of urine within the urinary tract
BUN blood urea nitrogen
cath catheterization, catheter
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
HD hemodialysis
IVP intravenous pyelogram
IVU intravenous urogram
SG specific gravity
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
Created by: lyssa0107