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Definitions

TermDefinition
frontal/coronal plane vertical plane through body side to side (divides into anterior and posterior)
midsagittal vertical plane through body front to back at midline (divides into left and right halves equally)
parasagittal vertical plane through body front to back (divides into left and right sides unequally)
transverse horizontal plane through body side to side (divides into superior and inferior planes)
epigastric region superior to umbilical region
hypochondriac regions left and right of epigastric region
hypogastric region inferior to umbilical region
iliac regions left and right of hypogastric region
lumbar regions left and right of umbilical region
umbilical region around navel
abduction moving away from body (eg. raise arm)
adduction moving toward the body (eg. lower arm)
Fowler position semi-sitting with knees slightly elevated
lateral recumbent position lying on side (R/ L precedes term to indicate pt's side)
lithotomy position lying on back, legs raised with feet in stirrups, hips and knees flexed, thighs abducted and externally rotated
orthopnea position sitting upright in a chair or in bed supported by pillows behind the back (sometimes pt tilts forward resting on a pillow supported by an overbed table)
prone position lying on abdomen, facing downward (poss. head to side)
recumbent position lying down in any position
Sims position lying on side, semi-prone, with knee drawn to chest and arm drawn parallel to the back (R/L precedes to indicate pt's side)
supine position lying on back, face upward
Trendelenburg position lying on back with body tilted so the head is lower than the feet
LLQ organs portion of the sm & lge intestines, L ureter, L ovary and urine tube (women); L spermatic duct (men)
LUQ organs portion of the sm & lge intestines, L lobe of liver, stomach, spleen, lateral portion of pancreas
RLQ organs portion of the sm & lge intestines, appendix, R ureter, R ovary and urine tube (women); R spermatic duct (men)
RUQ organs portion of the sm & lge intestines, R lobe of liver, gall bladder, medial portion of pancreas
Created by: Lwright9615
 

 



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