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MT chpt 2

medical terminology chapt 2

TermDefinition
individual units found in all parts of the human body Cells
Tissues similar cells grouped together to do a specific job
structures composed of several kinds of tissue Organs
Systems groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
tailbone Coccygeal (coccyx)
Sacral sacrum, or lower back
loin or waist Lumbar
Thoracic chest
neck Cervical
Abdomin/o abdomen
front Anter/o
Bronch/o bronchial tubes
neck of the body or neck (cervix) of the uterus Cervic/o:
Chrondr/o cartilage
coccyx, tailbone Coccyg/o
skull Crani/o
Epitheli/o skin, surface tissue
esophagus Esophag/o
a vertical plane that divides the body or body part, such as an organ into the front and back portions Frontal (coronal) plane
another type of vertical plane that divides the body or organ into the right and left sides. Sagittal
The midsagittal plane divides the body vertically into____ and ___ ______ right and left halves
Transverse (axial) plane a horizontal plane that divides the body or organ into upper and lower portions, is in a cross section
Body Cavities and Organs:Cranial the brain
Body Cavities and Organs:Thoracic organs include lungs and the heart
Body Cavities and Organs: Abdominal organs include stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, and pancreas
Body Cavities and Organs: Spinal spinal column and nerves of the spinal cord
Body Cavities and Organs: Pelvic organs include the urinary bladder, ureters, urethra, rectum and anus, and the uterus
liver Hepat/o
Lapar/o abdomen
larynx (voice box) Laryng/o
Lumb/o: loin or waist
side Later/o
clear fluid in the tissue spaces and lymph vessels Lymph/o
Mediastin/o: mediastinum (space between the lungs)
(bones of the hip) Pelv/o: pelvis
peritoneum Peritone/ o,(membranes surrounding the abdomen)
pharynx Pharyng/o (throat)
Pleur/o membrane that covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the inner surface of the thoracic cavity.
Circulatory system heart, blood, and blood vessels
composed of glands; sends chemical messengers called hormones into the blood Endocrine System
Nervous system carries electrical messages to and from the brain and spinal cord
brings food into the body and breaks it down so It can enter the bloodstream Digestive System
Female and male reproductive system produce the cells that join to form the embryo
including muscles, bones, joints, and connective tissues; supports the body and allows it to move Musculoskeletal System
Skin and Sense Organ systems including the skin and eyes and ears; receives messages from the environment and sends them to the brain
controls breathing, a process in which air enters and leaves the body Respiratory System
Spin/o: spine (backbone)
back, behind Poster/o
( 5 fused bones in the lower back) Sacr/o: sacrum
chest Thorac/o
(windpipe) Trache/o: trachea
(backbone) Vertebr/o: vertebra
Created by: foofie91