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Chapter 13

The Blood

QuestionAnswer
Three functions of blood and an example of each Transportation (Waste, gas, nutrients), Regulation (PH, Fluid balance, heat), and Protection (disease and blood loss)
Substances found in plasma Water, proteins, nutrients, electrolytes
Type of stem cell that can develop into all types of blood cells Hematopoietic
A red blood cell Erythrocyte
Another name for the thrombocyte Platelet
The most abundant proteins in blood Albumin
The liquid portion of blood Plasma
A white blood cell Leukocyte
Enzymes that assist antibodies to battle pathogens Complement
The watery fluid the remains after a blood clot is removed Serum
The most abundant type of white blood cell in whole blood Neutrophil
A mature monocyte Macrophage
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies Plasma Cell
A leukocyte that stains with acidic dyes Eosinophil
The largest blood leukocyte Monocyte
A substance the often accumulates when leukocytes are actively destroying bacteria Pus
What is the difference between homeostasis and homeostasis? Hemostasis prevents blood loss from the circulation system while Homeostasis maintains an internal constant environment
A collection of cell fragments that temporarily repairs a vessel injury Platelet Plug
The process of blood clot formation Coagulation
Contraction of smooth muscles in the blood vessel wall Vasoconstriction
Another term for profuse bleeding Hemorrhage
Steps to clotting Injury > preliminary steps in clotting> Prothrombinase > Prothrombin> Thrombin> Fibrigen> Fibrin threads+Blood cells and plasma >Clot
The blood antigen involved in hemolytic disease of the newborn, which results from a blood incompatibility between a mother and fetus RH factor
The procedure for removing plasma and returning formed elements to the donor Plasma pheresis
The procedure for removing specific components and returning the remainder of the blood donor Hemapheresis
Blood donated by an individual for use by the same individual autologus
The volume percentage of red blood cells in whole blood Hematocrit
The administration of blood or blood components from one person to another Transfusion
A general term describing a protein on blood cells that causes incompatibility reactions Antigen
The process by which cells become clumped when mixed with a specific antiserum Agglutination
A disease resulting from a lack of vitamin B12 Pernicious anemia
A hereditary form of anemia associated with excess iron in the blood Thalassemia
A disease in which red blood cells are excessively destroyed Hemolytic anemia
A disease resulting in insufficient red cell production in the bone marrow Aplastic anemia
A clotting disorder involving excess coagulation Disseminated intravascular coagulation
A clotting disorder that can be treated with an ADH-like drug Von Willebrand disease
A disease resulting from abnormal proliferation of stem cells in bone marrow Myelogenous leukemia
A cancer that arises in lymphoid tissue Lymphocytic leukemia
A clotting disorder that can be treated with factor VIII Hemophilia
Hemophilia Coagulation study
Polycythemia Vera Red cell count
Thrombocytopenia Platelet count
Myelogenous leukemia Bone marrow biopsy
Malaria Blood smear
Erythr/o red/ red blood cells
Thromb/o blood clot
Pro- Before, in front of
Morph/o Shape
Leuk/o white, colorless
-gen Producing, originating
Hemat/o blood
-penia lack of
-emia blood
-lysis dissolving
Created by: zifkokat003