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Word Parts

HLHS 101 Ch 1-13

Word PartMeaning
arthr/o joint
cardi/o heart
enter/o small intestine
hepat/o liver
neur/o nerve
hem/o, hemat/o blood
my/o, muscul/o muscle
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o vessel
derm/o, dermato, cutane/o skin
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o lung
gen/o creation, cause
hydr/o water
morph/o change
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
orth/o straight
path/o suffering, disease
phag/o eat
plas/o formation
py/o pus
scler/o hard
sten/o narrowing
troph/o nourishment, development
xen/o foreign
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -tic, -ous pertaining to
-ia, ism condition
-ium tissue, structure
-y condition, procedure
-icle, -ole, -ule, -ula small
-iatrics, -iatry medical science
-iatrist specialist in medicine of
-ist specialist
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-algia, -dynia pain
-cele hernia
-emia blood condition
-iasis presence of
-itis inflammation
-lysis loosen, break down
-malacia abnormal softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-pathy disease
-penia deficiency
-ptosis drooping
-rrhage excessive flow
-rrhea flow
-rrhexis rupture
-spasm involuntary contraction
-centesis puncture
-gram written record
-graph instrument used to produce a record
-graphy writing procedure
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument used to look
-scopy process of looking
-desis binding, fixation
-ectomy removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty reconstruction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
-a singular vertebra -ae plural vertebrae
-ax singular thorax -aces plural thoraces
-ex singular cortex -ices plural cortices
-ix singular appendix -ices plural appendices
-is singular neurosis -es plural neuroses
-ma singular sarcoma -mata plural sarcomata
-on singular ganglion -a plural ganglia
-um singular bacterium -a plural bacteria
-us singular nucleus -i plural nuclei
-y singular biopsy -ies plural biopsies
a- an- not
anti- contra- against
de- down away from
ante- pre- before
pro- before on behalf of
brady- slow
tachy- fast
post- after
re- again
ab- away
ad- toward
circum- peri- around
dia- trans- through
e- ec- ex- out
ecto- exo- extra- outside
en- endo- intra- in inside
epi- upon
sub- beneath
inter- between
bi- two
hemi- semi- half
hyper- over
hypo- under
macro- large
micro- small
mono- uni- one
oligo- few
pan- all
poly- multi- many
con- syn- sym- with together
dys- bad
eu- good
adip/o lip/o steat/o fat
cutane/o dermo/ dermat/o skin
pil/o trich/o hair
hidr/o sweat
squam/o scale
onych/o ungu/o nail
seb/o sebace/o oil
crypt/o hidden
kerat/o hard horny
xer/o dry
xanth/o yellow
erythr/o red
leuk/o alb/o white
melan/o black
-physis growth
oste/o bone
crani/o head skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
lumb/o loin lower back
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o finger
carp/o wrist
cost/o rib
femor/o femur
tibi/o tibia
chondr/o cartilage
arthr/o joint
burs/o bursa
ten/o tend/o tendin/o tendon
muscul/o my/o myos/o muscle
fasci/a fascia
ton/o tone tension
kinesi/o kinet/o movement motion
tax/o arrangement order coordination
ankyl/o stiff bent
cerebr/o encephal/o brain
cerebell/o cerebellum
lob/o lobe
cephal/o head
crani/o head skull
mening/o meningi/o meninges
dur/o dura
neur/o nerve
gangli/o nerve bundle
myel/o spinal cord bone marrow
esthesi/o feeling sensation
phas/o speech
phren/o psych/o mind
somn/o somn/i hypn/o sleep
gnosi/o know
-mania excessive desire
-phobia excessive fear or sensitivity
-paresis slight paralysis partial paralysis
ton/o muscle tone tension pressure
tax/o arrangement order coordination
-plegia paralysis
-asthenia weakness
ocul/o ophthalm/o opt/o eye
-opia -opsia vision condition
blephar/o eyelid
corne/o kerat/o cornea
conjunctiv/o conjuctiva
scler/o sclera
vitre/o vitreous liquid vitreous humor
cycl/o ciliary body
retin/o retina
ir/o irid/o iris
phac/o phak/o lens
aur/o ot/o ear
acous/o audi/o sound hearing
-acusis hearing condition
cerumin/o ear wax
salping/o eustachian tube fallopian tube
tympan/o myring/o eardrum
mastoid/o mastoid process
labyrinth/o labyrinth
vestibul/o vestibule
cochle/o cochlea
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal/o adrenal gland
cortic/o outer surface
gonad/o gonads (sex glands)
pancreat/o pancreas
pituitar/o hypophys/o pituitary gland
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid/o thyroid
gluc/o glucos/o glyc/o sugar
crin/o to secrete
hormon/o hormone
ket/o ketone body
-tropin stimulating hormone
-emia blood condition
-uria urine condition
coagul/o coagulation
thromb/o clot
leuk/o white
phleb/o ven/o vein
lymph/o lymph
myel/o bone marrow spine
-emia blood condition
tonsill/o tonsils
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus
immun/o immune system
-penia deficiency
adenoid/o adenoid
tonsill/o tonsil
nas/o nose
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
sept/o septum
sin/o sinus/o sinus
pneum/o pneumat/o pneumon/o air lungs
pulmon/o lungs
lob/o lobe
bronch/o bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
alveol/o alveolus (air sac)
stern/o sternum
cost/o rib
thorac/o pector/o (also pectus) steth/o chest
pleur/o pleura
phren/o diaphragm
ox/o oxygen
spir/o -pnea breathing
capn/o (Greek for smoke) carb/o (Latin for coal) carbon dioxide
or/o stomat/o mouth
gingiv/o gums
dent/o odont/o tooth
gloss/o lingu/o tongue
gastr/o stomach
esophag/o esophagus
enter/o intestines
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
abdomin/o celi/o lapar/o abdomen
cyst/o bladder
doch/o duct
hepat/o hepatic/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
balan/o penis
epididym/o epididymis
orch/o orchi/o orchid/o test/o testicul/o testicle
prostat/o prostate
sperm/o spermat/o sperm/i sperm
colp/o vagin/o vagina
episi/o vulv/o vulva
perine/o perineum
gynec/o gyn/o woman
mast/o mamm/o breast
lact/o milk
cervic/o cervix
hyster/o metr/o uter/o uterus
pelv/i pelvis
oophor/o ovari/o ovary
men/o menstruation
salping/o fallopian tube eustachian tube
amni/o amnion
-cyesis pregnancy
chori/o chorion/o chorion
toc/o labor
fet/o fetus
part/o nat/o birth
part/o to give birth (mother)
nat/o to be born (infant)
col/o colon/o colon (large intestine)
an/o anus
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus and rectum
sial/o saliva
bil/i chol/e bile (gall)
glomerul/o glomerulus
nephr/o ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ur/o urin/o urine
lith/o stone
cyst/o vesic/o bladder
urethr/o urethra (1)
ureter/o ureter (2)
meat/o opening
Created by: spritle