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MT Ch. 8

Essentials of Medical Terminology - Ch. 8

voluntary muscle that perform movement on command
involuntary muscle that perform w/o conscious command
skeletal movement perfomed by skeletal muscles
heartbeats performed by cardiac muscle
breathing, digestion, & other movements involvng internal organs performed by muscles within one organ itself visceral muscles
ligaments bones are connected to other bones by tough connective tissue
tendons muscles are connected to bones by equally tough connective tissue
biceps brachii muscle that moves the forearm
flex/o bend
pronati/o facing backward
supinati/o facing forward
tens/o stretch
dorsi- back
duct/o to draw
-or person or thing that does something
ab- away from
abductor muscles that move a part away from the midline
ad- toward
adductor muscles that move a part toward the midline
electr/o electric
-graphy process of recording
my/o muscle
electromyography (EMG) recording of the electrical characteristics of muscle (when is stimulated by a nerve)
ton/o tone; tension
a- no; not; lack of
-ic pertaining to
atonic a muscle that has no tone or tension; atony
dys- bad; difficult; painful
dystonia abnormal muscle tone or tension
-ia condition
myotonia inability of the muscle to relax after increased muscular contraction
tonic pertaining to tone; tension
fasci/o fascia (band of tissue surrounding the muscle)
-al pertaining to
fascial pertaining to the fascia
-ectomy excision; surgical removal
fasciectomy excision of fascia
fasciitis; fascitis inflammation of fascia
fasciorrhaphy suturing the fascia
-rrhaphy suture
kinesi/o movement
-logy study of
kinesiology study of movement
-meter instrument used to measure
kinesimeter instrument used to measure movement
lei/o smooth
-oma tumor; mass
leiomyoma (lye-oh-my-OH-mah) benign tumor of smooth muscle
visceral muscles are smooth
skeletal & cardiac are striated cuz have appear striped under microscope
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connctive tissue
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
muscul/o muscle
-ar pertaining to
muscular pertaining to muscle
skelet/o skeleton
musculoskeletal pertaining to the muscle & skeleton
-gram record
electr/o electric
electromyogram record of the electrical currents in a muscle
-algia pain
fibr/o fiber
fibromyalgia pain in fibrous tissues muscles, tendons, & ligaments
myalgia muscle pain
-pathy disease
myopathy any muscular disease
myositis inflammation of muscle
polymyositis inflammation of many muscles
myos/o muscle
rhabd/o rod-shaped; striped; striated
rhabdomyoma (rab-doh-my-OH-mah) benign tumor of striated muscle
rhabdomyosarcoma (rab-doh-my-oh-sar-KOH-mah) malignant tumor of striated muscle tissue
tendin/o; ten/o tendon
-ous pertaining to
-desis surgical fixation
tenodesis surgical fixation of a tendon
tendinous pertaining to a tendon
-tomy to cut
tenotomy cutting of a tendon
tenosynovi/o tendon sheath (covering of a tendon)
tenosynovitis inflammation of a tendon sheath
-asthenia no strength
myasthenia (my-as-THEE-nee-ah) no muscle strength
-clonus turnoil
myoclonus alternate muscular relazation & contraction in rapid succession
-ion process of
abduction process of drawing away from; opposite of adduction
adduction process of drawing toward; opposite of abduction
circum- around
circumduction process of drawing a part in a circular motion
dorsi- back
dorsiflexion bending the joint so that foot bends bacward (upward); opposite of plantar flexion
plantar flexion bending the ankle joint so that foot bends toward the sole of the foot
plantar the sole of the foot
extension to stretch out; stretching out of a limb; increasing the angle b/w two bones; opposite of flexion
ex- out
flexion bending of limb; decreasing the angle b/w 2 bones; opposite of extension
pronati/o facing backward
pronation as applied to the hand, process of turning the palm backward; opposite of supination
supinati/o facing forward
supination as applied to the hand, the process of turning the palm forward; opposite of pronation
-kinesia movement; motion
brady- slow
bradykinesia slow movement
hyper- excessive; above normal
dyskinesia impairment of muscle movement
hyperkinesia excessive movement
-trophy nourishment
atrophy wasting away of the muscle
a- no; not
dystrophy abnormal developement, espically muscular dystrophy
hypertrophy enlargement of an organ due to an increase in the size of cells
-thermy heat
dia- complete; through
diathermy heat applied to deep tissues
Created by: ltravis