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Fascial Muscles quiz

Facial muscles

What are the two points of attachment for a muscle? Insertion and origin
What is the origin? Most stationary end of the muscle
What is the insertion? End of muscle undergoing the greatest movement
What is the portion of the muscle between the origin and insertion called? Belly
Do muscles only have one head? No, some muscles can have multiple heads or insertion points
What are muscles that work together to accomplish specific movements called? Synergists
What are muscles that work in opposition to one another called? Antagonists
If one muscles plays the major role in accomplishing desired movement among synergists, what is that muscle called? Prime mover
How are most muscles named? Descriptively
What are some examples of how muscles are named (how they are described)? Location, size, shape, orientation of fibers, origin, insertion, and function
What attaches muscles to bones? Tendons
What muscle raises the eyebrows? Occipitofrontalis
What closes the eyelids and causes the crows feet (wrinkles) at the corners of the eyes? Orbicularis oculi
What muscle puckers the lips? Orbicularis oris
What muscle flattens the cheeks and is also known as Trumpeter's muscles? Buccinator
What are the 2 kissing muscles? Orbicularis oris and buccinator
What is the smiling muscle? Zygomaticus
What is the sneering muscle? Levator labii superioris
What is the frowning muscle? Depressor anguli oris
What is another term for chewing? Mastication
What doe the intrinsic tongue muscles do? Change the shape of the tongue
What does the extrinsic tongue muscles do? Moves the tongue
What is the laternal neck muscle and the prime mover of the neck? Sternocleidomastoid
What motions do the sternocleidomastoid allow for? Rotation and abduction
How many pairs of mastication muscles do we have? 4
What are the 4 pairs of mastication muscles? 2 pairs of pterygoids, 1 pair of temporalis muscles, and 1 pair of masseter muscles.
Created by: bmfortn1