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Digestive System

Module 7

Two main functions of the digestive system are digestion and... absorption
The innermost layer of the gastrointestinal tract in a mucous membrane called... mucosa
The major type of muscle in the gastrointestinal tract is... smooth muscle
The outer layer of the gastrointestinal tract is known as the serous layer or... serousa
The major portion of the mouth consists of a chamber known as the... oral cavity
In a permanent set of teeth, the full number is... 32
The three basic regions of a tooth include the crown, neck, and... root
Within the cheeks of the head, below the ears is the largest salivary gland known as the... parotid
The lymphatic tissues located on the soft palate are called... tonsils
Food passes into the stomach from the pharynx to a tube known as the... esophagus
Swallowing is a process also known as... deglutition
Series of wavelike contractions that brings food into the stomach is called... peristalsis
The circular smooth muscle at the beginning of the stomach is the lower esophageal or cardiac sphincter, while the circular smooth muscle at the end of the stomach is the... pyloric sphincter
The most important acid for digestion taking place in the stomach is.. pepsin
Before fats can be digested into their component fatty acids, they must be broken into smaller globules by the liver substance called... bile acids
The second part of the small intestine and the place where most absorption occurs is the... jejunum
The short worm-like extension of tissue found near where the small and large intestines meet is the... appendix
The last few inches of the colon that terminates at the anus is the... rectum
A major function of the large intestine is to reabsorb ions and... water
The largest gland in the body and source of bile is the... liver
For use in the digestive process, bile is stored in a sac called the.. gallbladder
Created by: brookeadams



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