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CRIME vocab

CRIME VOCAB FOR IELTS

DefinitionTerm
to enter a building illegally, usually using force, and steal from it (verb) burgle
to take somebody away illegally, especially using force (verb) abduct
to take something, somebody’s ideas, etc. for your own use, especially illegally or without permission (verb) appropriate
to attack somebody/something violently, either physically or with words (verb) assail
to attack somebody violently, especially when this is a crime (verb) assault
to use violence to try to hurt or kill somebody (verb) attack
to hit somebody/something hard many times, especially in a way that causes serious damage (verb) batter
[usually before noun] attacked violently and injured; attacked and badly damaged by weapons or by bad weather (adjective) battered
to make or sell goods, especially alcohol, illegally (verb or noun) bootleg
to enter a building by force (phrasal verb) break in
to work together secretly or illegally in order to trick other people (verb) collude
to do something wrong or illegal "__________ a crime" (verb) commit
to secretly plan with other people to do something illegal or harmful (verb) conspire
goods that are illegally taken into or out of a country (noun) contraband
(idiom) "under the _____________ " goods that are bought or sold secretly and sometimes illegally (noun) counter
to try to influence the result of a court case, especially by preventing the true facts about a crime from being known obstruct justice
activities that involve breaking the law (noun) crime
the fact of people being involved in crime; criminal acts "rate of ____________" (noun) criminality
to buy and sell illegal drugs (verb) "___________ drugs" deal
to deprive of a right, money, or property by fraud (verb) defraud
to steal something valuable from a place; to make a place less attractive by damaging or destroying it (verb) despoil
to steal money that you are responsible for or that belongs to your employer (verb) embezzle
the act of committing a serious crime such as murder or rape; a crime of this type (noun) felony
to make an illegal copy of something in order to cheat people (verb) forge
the world of organized and violent crime (noun) gangland
the use of illegal or unfair methods, especially bribery, to gain advantage in business, politics, etc.; money obtained in this way (noun) graft
(informal) to steal something valuable from a shop/store or bank (verb) heist
(informal) to sell or obtain something, often illegally (verb) hustle
the legal system used to punish people who have committed crimes (noun) justice
to take somebody away illegally and keep them as a prisoner, especially in order to get money or something else for returning them (verb) kidnap
to move money that has been obtained illegally into foreign bank accounts or legal businesses so that it is difficult for people to know where the money came from (verb) launder
(informal) to steal something (verb) lift
to steal things from shops/stores or buildings after a riot, fire, etc. (verb) loot
to attack somebody violently in order to steal their money, especially in a public place (verb) mug
to kill somebody deliberately and illegally (verb) murder
(British English, informal) to steal something (verb) nick
to commit a crime or do something wrong or evil (verb) perpetrate
to change a system, process, etc. in a bad way so that it is not what it used to be or what it should be to affect somebody in a way that makes them act or think in an immoral or unacceptable way pervert
the activity of tricking people by getting them to give their identity, bank account numbers, etc. over the Internet or by email, and then using these to steal money from them (noun) phishing
to steal something from somebody’s pocket without them noticing (verb) pick
to steal things of little value or in small quantities, especially from the place where you work (verb) pilfer
(British English, informal) to steal something, especially something small and not very valuable (verb) pinch
to illegally hunt birds, animals or fish on somebody else’s property or without permission (verb) poach
to steal something from somebody’s pocket without them noticing (noun) pocket
(formal or humorous) to steal something or use it without permission (verb) purloin
(informal) to sell illegal drugs (verb) push
to enter a place, usually using force, and steal from it (verb) raid
to force somebody to have sex with you when they do not want to by threatening them or using violence (verb) rape
"_______________ through something" to search quickly through something in order to find or steal something (verb) rifle
a group of people who are working together, especially in secret or illegally (noun) ring
to cheat somebody, by making them pay too much, by selling them something of poor quality, etc. rip off
to steal money or property from a person or place (verb) rob
to bring or take something into a country illegally and secretly (verb)` run
to steal farm animals (verb) rustle
to illegally copy electronic information from a credit card in order to use it without the owner’s permission (verb) skim
to take, send or bring goods or people secretly and illegally into or out of a country, etc. (verb) smuggle
to take somebody/something away from a person or place, especially by force; to steal something (verb) snatch
to illegally follow and watch somebody over a long period of time, in a way that is annoying or frightening (verb) stalk
to take something from a person, shop/store, etc. without permission and without intending to return it or pay for it (verb) steal
to cheat somebody in order to get something, especially money, from them (verb) swindle
(informal) to steal something (verb) swipe
violent, usually criminal, behaviour (noun) thuggery
to sell tickets for a popular event illegally, at a price that is higher than the official price, especially outside a theatre, stadium, etc. (verb) tout
to enter land or a building that you do not have permission or the right to enter (verb) trespass
operating secretly and often illegally, especially against a government (adjective) underground
illegal under-the-counter
a person who helps somebody to commit a crime or who knows about it and protects the person from the police (noun) accesory
a person who helps another to commit a crime or to do something wrong (noun) accomplice
a person who commits the crime of arson (noun) arsonist
a person who attacks somebody, especially physically (noun) assailant
a person who attacks somebody (noun) attacker
a member of an armed group of thieves who attack travellers (noun) bandit
a person who commits the crime of bigamy (noun) bigamist
a person who puts a bomb somewhere illegally (noun) bomber
a person who enters a building illegally in order to steal (noun) burglar
a thief who climbs up the outside of a building in order to enter it and steal something (noun) cat burglar
a man who tricks others into giving him money, etc. (noun) conman
a person who has been found guilty of a crime and sent to prison (noun) convict
a person who commits a crime (noun) criminal
a person who sells illegal drugs (noun) dealer
the person in a trial who is accused of committing a crime, or who is being sued by another person (noun) defendant
a person who drives a vehicle after drinking too much alcohol (noun) drink-driver
a person who sells illegal drugs (noun) drug dealer
a person who has committed a felony (noun) felon
a person who commits the crime of deliberately setting fire to something (noun) firestarter
a person who has been found guilty of a crime for the first time (noun) first offender
a person who commits fraud (noun) fraudster
someone who employs a large number of workers, often illegally and for very little money (noun) gangmaster
a member of a group of violent criminals (noun) gangster
a man who uses a gun to steal from or kill people (noun) gunman
a person who secretly and illegally brings guns into a country (noun) gunrunner
a person who secretly finds a way of looking at and/or changing information on somebody else’s computer system without permission (noun) hacker
a criminal who is paid to kill somebody (noun) hitman
a violent criminal, especially one who is part of a gang(noun) hoodlum
a person who tries to trick somebody into giving them money (noun) hustler
a person who enters a building or an area illegally (noun) intruder
the crime of stealing a car and driving it for pleasure, usually in a fast and dangerous way (noun) joyriding
a young person who is not yet an adult and who is guilty of committing a crime (noun) juvenile delinquent
to take somebody away illegally and keep them as a prisoner, especially in order to get money or something else for returning them (verb) kidnap
a member of a group of people who are involved in organized crime (noun) mobster
a person who threatens or attacks somebody in order to steal their money, (noun) mugger
a person who is paid to take drugs illegally from one country to another (noun) mule
a person who has killed somebody deliberately and illegally (noun) murderer
a woman who has killed somebody deliberately and illegally; a female murderer (noun) murderess
a person who commits a crime (noun) offender
(used especially about people in the past) a person who has done something illegal and is hiding to avoid being caught; a person who is not protected by the law (noun) outlaw
a person who steals money, etc. from other people’s pockets, especially in crowded places (noun) pickpocket
a man who controls prostitutes and lives on the money that they earn (noun) pimp
(especially in the past) a person on a ship who attacks other ships at sea in order to steal from them (noun) pirate
a person who illegally hunts birds, animals or fish on somebody’s else’s property (noun) poacher
a person who makes a criminal raid on a place (noun) raider
a person who forces somebody to have sex when they do not want to (noun) rapist
a person who leads others in crime or in causing trouble (noun) ringleader
a person who steals from a person or place, especially using violence or threats (noun) robber
(especially in compounds) a person who takes goods illegally into or out of a place (noun) runner
a person who murders several people one after the other in a similar way (noun) serial killer
the crime of stealing goods from a shop/store by deliberately leaving without paying for them (noun) shoplifting
a person who takes goods into or out of a country illegally (noun) smuggler
a person who follows and watches another person over a long period of time in a way that is annoying or frightening (noun) stalker
a person who takes part in terrorism (noun) terrorist
a person who steals something from another person or place (noun) thief
a violent person, especially a criminal (noun) thug
a person who goes onto somebody’s land without their permission (noun) trespasser
a person who has no home or job, especially one who begs (= asks for money) from people (noun) vagrant
a person who deliberately destroys or damages public property (noun) vandal
a type of prison for young criminals where there is strict discipline (noun) boot camp
(in Britain in the past) a type of prison for young criminals (noun) borstal
an escape from prison, usually by a group of prisoners (noun) breakout
a room for one or more prisoners in a prison or police station (noun) cell
the state of being forced to stay in a closed space, prison, etc., the act of putting somebody there (noun) confinement
the state of being in prison, especially while waiting for trial (noun) custody
the cells in a prison for prisoners who are waiting to be killed as punishment for a serious crime (noun) death row
a person who is kept in prison, usually because of his or her political opinions (noun) detainee
the state of being kept in a place, especially a prison, and prevented from leaving (noun) detention
to allow somebody to leave prison or court (verb) discharge
a person or an animal that has escaped from somewhere, especially somebody who has escaped from prison (noun) escapee
permission for a prisoner to leave prison for a period of time (noun) furlough
a person, such as a soldier, a police officer or a prison officer, who protects a place or people, or prevents prisoners from escaping (noun) guard
a place where prisoners, patients with mental health problems, etc. can stay for a short time after leaving a prison or hospital, before they start to live on their own again (noun) halfway house
punishment in prison that involves a lot of very hard physical work (noun) hard labour
(of buildings and places) very carefully locked and guarded (adjective) high-security
to put somebody in a prison or another place from which they cannot escape (verb) imprison
[usually passive] (formal) to put somebody in prison or in another place from which they cannot escape (verb) incarcerate
one of the people living in a institution such as a prison or a psychiatric hospital (noun) inmate
(informal) in prison (adverb) inside
a prison (noun) [usually passive] to put somebody in prison (verb) jail
a person who has spent a lot of time in prison (noun) jailbird
an escape from prison, usually by several people (noun) jailbreak
a person in charge of a prison and the prisoners in it (noun) jailer
a prison (noun) jailhouse
a person who has been sent to prison for their whole life (noun) lifer
a small prison where prisoners are kept for a short time (noun) lock-up
a prison in which prisoners have more freedom than in ordinary prisons (noun) minimum security prison
a prison in which prisoners have more freedom than in ordinary prisons (noun) open prison
permission that is given tn a prisoner to leave prison before the end of their sentence on condition that they behave well (noun) parole
a prison (noun) penitentiary
a person who is kept in prison as a punishment , or while they are waiting for trial (noun) prisoner
a person who is kept in prison because of his or her political or religious believe (noun) prisoner of conscience
a person, usually a member of the armed forces, who is captured by the enemy during a war and kept in a prison camp until the war has finished (noun) prisoner of war
a person who visits people in prison in order to help them, and who does not get paid for doing so (noun) prison visitor
a system that allows a person who has committed a crime not to go to prison if they behave well and if they see an official regularly for a fixed period of time (noun) probation
a person whose job is to check on people who are on probation and help them (noun) probation officer
a type of school that young criminals are sent to instead of prison (noun) reformatory
(British English) a reduction in the amount of time somebody spends in prison, especially because they have behaved well (noun) remission
to spend a period of time in prison (verb) serve time
(especially North American English) the person in charge of a prison (noun) warden
a person who guards prisoners in a prison (noun) warder
a system that allows prisoners to leave prison during the day to go to work (noun) work release
a period of time when a young criminal is kept in a type of prison as a punishment (noun) youth custody
(informal) to spend time in prison (noun) time
Created by: aluizaalthoff