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Anatomy

Orientation Of The Body

TermDefinition
Median Plane Divides the head and torso into right and left halves
Sagittal Plane Divides the body, or its parts, into left and right. NOT HALVES!
Sagittal Plane Parallel to the median plane
Coronal/ Frontal Plane Divides the body, or its parts, into front and back halves, or parts
Transverse/ Cross Plane Divides the body into upper and lower halves, or parts
Anatomical Position Body standing erect, limbs extended, palms of the the hands forward, thumbs directed outward
Cranial/ Superior Closer to the top of the head (excludes limbs)
Anterior A structure being more in front than another
Ventral The abdominal side
Ventral Synonymous to anterior
Rostral Beak-like structure in front of head or brain that projects forward
Posterior/ Dorsal A structure being more in the back than another structure
Dorsal Synonymous to posterior, except in quadrupeds
Medial A structure closer to the median plane than another structure
Lateral A structure farther away from the median plane than another structure
Proximal Structure being closer to the median plane
Created by: muszii33