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Hormones

A&P

QuestionAnswer
What is the abbreviation ADH? Antidiuretic Hormone
What is the source gland for ADH? Hypothalamus / Posterior pituitary
What is the target for ADH? Distal Tubules and collecting ducts of kidneys.
What is the effect ADH has on the target? Water reabsorption.
Name the source gland for Oxytocin. Hypothalamus / Posterior pituitary.
What effects does Oxytocin have on its target? Uterine Contraction during labor and coitus; milk ejection.
What are the hormones that act in pairs? Insulin, Glucagon, Calcitonin, Parathyroid Hormone.
What is the source gland for Insulin? Pancreas
What is the target for insulin? Body cells
What effects does insulin have on body cells? Decrease blood glucose; Converts glucose to glycogen or fat for storage,
What is the source gland for Glucagon? Pancreas
What is the target for Glucagon? Liver
What effects does Glucagon have on the Liver? Breaks down glycogen to glucose to increase blood glucose.
What is the source gland for Calcitonin? Thyroid gland
What is the target for Calcitonin? Bones
What effects does Calcitonin have on bones? Decrease blood calcium; Mineral deposition
What is the abbreviation for Parathyroid Hormone? PTH
What is the source gland for PTH? Parathyroid glands
What is the target for PTH? Bones / Kidneys
What effects does PTH have on bones and kidneys? Increases blood calcium; mineral reabsorption; stimulates kidneys to convert vitamin D to the active form, calcitriol.
What is the Axis for Growth Hormone? Growth Hormone releasing hormone, Growth hormone
What is the abbreviation for Growth hormone releasing hormone? GHRH
What is the source gland for GHRH? Hypothalamus
What is the target for GHRH? Anterior pituitary
What is the abbreviation for growth hormone? GH
What is the source gland for GH? Anterior pituitary
What is the target for GH? skeletal muscles and long bones.
What effects does GH have on muscles and bones? Growth of skeletal muscles and long bones.
What effects does GHRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete GH.
What is the axis for prolactin? TRH, PRH, PRL
What does TRH stand for? Thyrotropin releasing hormone
What is the source gland for TRH? Hypothalamus
What is the target for TRH? Anterior pituitary
What effects does TRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete PRL.
What does PRH stand for? Prolactin releasing hormone
What is the source gland for PRH? Hypothalamus
What is the target for PRH? Anterior pituitary
What effects does PRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete PRL.
What is the abbreviation for Prolactin? PRL
What is the source gland for PRL? Anterior pituitary
What is the target for PRL? Secretory cells of mammary glands
What effects does PRL have on the mammary glands? Milk synthesis
What is the axis for Thyroid hormones? TRH, TSH , TH (T3 T4)
What does TRH stand for? Thyrotropin releasing hormone
What is the source gland for TRH? hypothalamus
What is the target for TRH? Anterior pituitary
What effects does TRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete TSH.
What is the abbreviation TSH? Thyroid stimulating hormone
What is the source gland for TSH? anterior pituitary
what is the target for TSH? thyroid gland
What effects does TSH have on the thyroid gland? stimulates thyroid to secrete TH
What is the abbreviation for thyroid hormone? TH (T3,T4)
What is the source gland for TH? thyroid gland
what is the target for TH? body cells
What effects does TH have on body cells? increases basal metabolic rate.
What is the axis for Mineralocorticoids? CRH, ACTH, Mineralocorticoids
What does the abbreviation for CRH stand for? Corticotropin releasing hormone.
What is the source gland for CRH? hypothalamus
what is the target for CRH? anterior pituitary
What effects does CRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete ACTH.
What is the abbreviation for Adenocorticotropic hormone ? ACTH
What is the source gland for ACTH? Anterior pituitary
What is the target for ACTH? adrenal cortex
What effects does ACTH have on the adrenal cortex? Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete mineralocorticoids
What is the source gland for mineralocorticoids? adrenal cortex
What is the target for mineralocorticoids? distal tubules and collecting ducts of the kidneys
What effects does mineralocorticoids have on its target? Sodium and water reabsorption; potassium secretion
Axis for Glucocorticoids CRH, ACTH, Glucocorticoids
What does CRH stand for? Corticotropin releasing hormone
What is the source gland for CRH? hypothalamus
What is the target for CRH? anterior pituitary
What effects does CRH have on the anterior pituitary? Stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete ACTH.
What does ACTH stand for? Adenocorticotropic hormone
What is the source gland for ACTH? anterior pituitary
What is the target for ACTH? adrenal cortex
What effect does ACTH have on body cells? Anti-inflammatory, increase blood glucose
What is the target for ACTH? body cells
Axis for Gonadocorticoids CRH,ACTH, Gonadocorticoids
What effect does ACTH have on the adrenal cortex in the Gonadocorticoids axis? Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete gonadocorticoids.
What is the source gland for Gonadocorticoids? adrenal cortex
What is the target of Gonadocorticoids? body cells
What effect does Gonadocorticoids have on body cells? Similar to estrogens and testosterone; insignificant amounts produced with minimal effects.
Axis for Estrogen GnRH, FSH LH, Estrogens
What effects does FSH LH have on the ovaries ? Stimulate follicles in ovaries to cause oogenesis, ovulation, and secretion of estrogens.
What is the target of FSH LH in the estrogen axis? Ovaries
What is the source of estrogen? Ovaries
What is the target for estrogen? Body cells
What effect does estrogen have on body cells? Regrowth of functional layer in endometrium of uterus after menstruation; Growth of lactiferous ducts/ sinuses in mammary glands; development of secondary sex characteristics; maintains pregnancy
What is the axis for testosterone? GnRH, FSHLH, Testosterone
What is the target for FSH LH in testosterone? Testes
What effects does FSH LH have on testes? FSH: stimulates nurse cells in testes to secrete androgen-binding protein (ABP and inhibin. LH: stimulates interstitial endocrine cells in testes to secrete testosterone.
What is the source gland for testosterone? testes
What is the target for Testosterone? body cells
What effects does testosterone have on the body cells? sexual maturation; spermatogenesis; development of secondary sex characteristics.
Name the target for Oxytocin. Uterus, Myoepithelial cells of mammary glands.
Created by: coxem01