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A1 - zglobovi

A1

ZglobKonkavna zglobna plohaKonveksna zglobna plohaLigamentiPokreti
ARTICULATIO ATLANTOAXIALIS MEDIANA Arcus anterior atlantis (fovea dentis), lig transversus atlantis Dens axis, facies articularis anterior et posterior Ligg alaria (laterofleksija) lig apicis dentis lig cruciforme atlantis (uzdužni, laterofleksija) membrana tectoria(rotacija, laterofleksija) Rotacija (30)
ARTICULATIO ATLANTAXIALIS LATERALIS massae laterales atlantis (facies articularis inferior), processus articulares superior axis, hrskavica massae laterales atlantis (facies articularis inferior), processus articulares superior axis, hrskavica membrana atlantooccipitalis anterior(arcus anterior atlantis corpus axis) et posterior(između lukova poput ligg flava) Rotacija sa spuštanjem glave
ARTICULATIONES ZYGAPOPHYSIALIS Processus articulares vertebrae: facies articularis superior et inferior Processus articulares vertebrae: facies articularis superior et inferior Nema svoje, ligg flava prijenos težine vratna: antefleksija, retrofleksija, rotacija, laterofleksija, inklinacija, reklinacija prsna: rotacija lumbalna: antefleksija, retrofleksija, laterofleksija
ARTICULATIO LUMBOSACRALIS 5. lumbalni * os sacrum 5. lumbalni + os sacrum iliolumbale od l5 do criste lateralis ograničena rotacija
ARTICULATIO SACROCOCCYGEA cornua coccygea apex osis sacri lig sacrococcygeum anterius, lateralis, posterios profundus, posterior superficialis BEEEBAA
ARTICULATIO CAPITIS COSTAE Fovea costalis superior et inferior Facies articularis capitis costae (christom capitis podijeljena) lig capitis costae radiatum lig capitis costae intraarticulare /
ARTICULATIO COSTOTRANSVERSARIA Fovea costalis processus transversi Tuberculum costae (facies articularis tuberculi costae) Lig costotransversarium superius et laterales Minimalno klizanje, pri podizanju rebra tuberculum klizi dolje, pri spuštanju rebra tuberculum klizi gore
ARTICULATIO STERNOCOSTALIS Incisura costalis sterni Cartillago costalis Lig sternocostalis radiatum, lig sternocostalis intraarticulare (2) lig costoxiphoideum (6,7) polupokretni zglob
ARTICULATIO COSTOCHONDRALIS udubina na prednjem kraju rebra hrskavica / nema gibanja
ARTICULATIO INTERCHONDRALIS 6 7 8 9 pravi sinovijalni zglobovi 9 i 10 hrskavica / / /
ARTICULATIO HUMERI Cavitas glenoidale Caput humeri Lig glenohumerale Lig coracohumerale Lig transversum humeri Kuglasti, najpokretljviji abdukcija(do vodoravnog, dalje sternoklavikularni), adukcija, rotacija, fleksija (120), ekstenzija (35), rotacija eksterna interna, cirkumdukcija
ARTICULATIO CAPITI humeroulnarni - incisura trochlearis humeroradijalni -- caput radii radioulnarni - incisura radialis humeroulnarni - trochlea humeri humeroradijalni - capitulum humeri radioulnarni - caput radii circumferentia articularis Lig collaterale ulnare Lig collaterale radii Lig annulare radii Lig quadratum Ekstenzija (160, 180) Fleksija (35 40)
ARTICULATIO RADIOULNARIS DISTALIS Incisura ulnaris radii, discus articularis Caput ulnae s circumferentia radii / pronacija (ograničava biceps brachii) supinacija (ograničava chorda obliqua)150-160
ARTICULATIO COXAE Acetabulum s labrum acetabuli, facies lunata, fossa acetabuli Caput femori, fovea capitis femoris Lig transversum acetabuli Lig iliofemorale Lig pubofemorale Lig ishiofemorale Zona orbicularis Lig capitis femoris fleksija ekstenzija (lig iliofemorale) adukcija (vod. lig iliofemorale) abdukcija (lig pubofemorale) vanjska rotacija (lig pubofemorale, vod lig iliofemorale) unutrašnja rotacija (ischiofemorale)
ARTICULATIO GENUS
ARTICULATIO ATLANTOOCCIPITALIS Facies articulares superior atlantis Condyli occipitales Membrana antlantooccipitalis anterior et posterior frontalna: antefleksija (20), retrofleksija(30) sagitalna: laterofleksija (7-20)
Created by: Nikolina999