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Chapter 2

Understanding Medical Terminolgy

Prefix Beginning
Root Middle
Suffix Ending
Can be about shape, size, direction, or color Prefix
Is often part of the body Root
Can be about shape, size, color, direction OR about a test or it can be describe a problem Suffix
Macro Large
Micro Small
Megalo or Megaly Very large
Peri Around
Trans Across
Endo Within or Inside
Inter Between
Chloro Green
Leuk White
Eryth Red
Cyan Blue
Dys Not working correctly/normally
Mal Bad
Emia Blood condition
Itis Inflammation
Osis Condition or disease (usually non-inflammatory)
Pathy Disease
Hyper Above normal/high
Hypo Below normal/low
Tachy Fast
Brady Slow
Echo Ultrasonic waves
Electro Electricity
Ectomy Removal of
Gram Picture
Graph or Graphy Process of taking a picture
Otomy Making a cut in/ Removing a part of
Scopy Use of instrument for viewing
Stomy Create an opening in
Plasty Modifying the shape of/ Repairing
Ology Study of a part of the body
Ologist A specialist working for a specific part of the body or a specific disease
iatry medical treatment
Latrist A specialist providing specific treatment
Created by: muszii33