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FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE

Body structures & functions

QuestionAnon eachswer
The primary sex organs of the female reproductive system are paired female gonads called ovaries.
The ovaries are located in the superior portion part of the pelvic cavity , one on each side of the uterus or womb.
A ligament that attaches (connects) each ovary (female gonad) to the uterus is called: utero-ovarian ligament.
The uterus is aka the womb
Physiologies (functions) of the ovaries include: 1. Oogenesis which means creation of ova aka eggs.
Ovaries: female gonads
Physiologies functions) of the ovaries include: 2. Secretions of the female sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone.
Immature ova are called: oocytes or egg cells
A maturing (ripening) oocyte is called: a follicle
Oocytes means egg cells
The pituitary gland secretes a hormone that matures (ripens) an oocyte abbreviated FSH which stands for: follicle stimulating hormone.
The pituitary gland is aka: the hypophysis or master gland.
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is secrected (produced and discharged) by the pituitary gland approx. every: 28 days
The pituitary gland is controlled by the: hypothalamus
The pituitary gland is aka: the hypophysis (master gland)
The pituitary gland (hypophysis) secretes (produces and discharges) a hormone to stimulate (cause) ovulation abbreviated LH which stands for: luteinizing hormone
Ovulation occurs (happens) when an ovary expels (releases) a mature follicle called an: ovum (egg)
The average human female is born with millions of oocytes (egg cells) and during her lifetime will ovulate (release): 450 times (37.5 years)
The ovaries usually alternate ovulations which means: takes turns.
Union (joining) of a spermatozoon (single sperm) with an ovum is called: fertilization aka conception
An ovum is a: mature egg
A fertilized ovum (egg) for the first 2 weeks of development is called a: zygote
Development of a zygote is called: gestation or pregnancy.
If the ovaries ovulate (expel) simultaneously and the two (2) ova (mature eggs) are fertilized the result will be: fraternal twins aka dizygotic twins
Simultaneously means: occurring (happening) at the same time.
If a fertilized ovum (mature egg) replicates into two (2) separate fertilized ova (mature eggs) the result will be: identical twins aka monozygotic twins.
Replicates means duplicates or copies
The 2 vessels (ducts) that transport (carry) ova from the ovaries to the uterus are called: uterine tubes or fallopian tubes or oviducts
Fingerlike projections at the distal (end) portion (part) of the uterine tubes that catch the ovulated (expelled) ovum (mature egg) are called) fimbriae.
Uterine tubes are aka: fallopian tubes or oviducts
An ovum (mature egg) is moved through a uterine (fallopian) tube by: 1. A come-hither waving action of the finger-like projections at the distal portion (part) of the oviducts called the fimbriae.
An ovum (mature egg) is moved through a uterine (fallopian) tube by: 2. Ciliary action which refers to waving of small hairs.
An ovum (mature egg) is moved through a uterine (fallopian) tube by: 3. Wave-like muscular contractions of the oviducts (uterine tubes) called peristalsis.
The uterus (womb) is located in the pelvic cavity (space) between the: urinary bladder and the rectum.
The uterus is the shape of an: inverted pear.
Inverted means: upside down
The uterus should be angled forward called the: anteflexion position.
The area between the uterus and rectum is called: Douglas' cul-de-sac aka the recto-uterine pouch.
The uterus is where a fertilized ovum (mature egg) will: 1. Implant which means attach (connect) to the endometrium.
The endometrium is the: inner layer of the uterus.
The uterus (womb) is where a fertilized ovum will: 2. Gestate (develop) into a zygote (first 3 weeks) and embryo (3 to 8 weeks) and fetus (9th week to parturition.
The uterus (womb) is where a fertilized ovum (mature egg) will: 3. Be expelled (released) during parturition aka childbirth (L+D)
L+D stands for: labor and delivery.
The superior portion (part) of the uterus (womb) is called the: fundus
The medial portion of the uterus is called the: corpus which means body
Medial means: middle
The neck or inferior portion of the uterus is abbreviated CX which stands for: cervix
Inferior means: lower.
The interior of the uterine corpus contains a space called the; uterine cavity
Interior means inside
Corpus means body
The interior (inside) passageway of the cervix (CX) is called the: cervical canal
The cervix is the: neck or inferior portion of the uterus.
The opening of the cervix into the vagina is called the: cervical os, orifice or meatus.
The cervix is the; neck or inferior portion of the uterus.
The outer layer of the uterus is called the: perimetrium.
The muscle layer of the uterus is called the" myometrium
Oxytocin secreted by the pituitary gland stimulates (causes) the: myometrium to contract.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries during puberty stimulates (causes) the development of secondary female sexual characteristics which include the 28 day: 1. Cyclic sloughing (shedding) of the endometrium (inner layer of the uterus) called menstruation or menses.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries during puberty stimulates (causes) the development of secondary female sexual characteristics which include: 2. Development of mammary cells called breast tissue.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries during puberty stimulates (causes) the development of secondary female sexual characteristics which include: 3. Body hair growth especially in the axillae (armpits) and pubic region.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries during puberty stimulates (causes) the development of secondary female sexual characteristics which include: 4. Widening of the pelvis (hips) in preparation for parturition or childbirth.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries during puberty stimulates (causes) the development of secondary female sexual characteristics which include: 5. Adipose (fat) tissue deposit (placement) in the skin to produce a "soft look".
The 28 day cyclic sloughing of the endometrium is called: menstruation or menses
Sloughing means shedding (discarding)
The endometrium is the: inner layer of the uterus.
A normal menstrual cycle varies from woman to woman within a range of 24-35 days
Menstruation is the: 28 day cyclic sloughing of the endometrium which is the inner layer of the uterus.
Parts of the menstrual cycle include the: a. Menstrual phase on days 1 through 5.
The menstrual phase involves endometrial sloughing which means shedding (discarding) the inner layer of the uterus.
Parts of the menstrual cycle include the: b. Pre-ovulatory phase on days 6 through 13
The pre-ovulatory phase involves regeneration (regrowth) of the endometrium in preparation for; implantation (attachment)
Parts of the menstrual cycle include the: c. Ovulatory phase on day 14.
The ovulatory phase involves expulsion (release) of an ovum (mature egg) from an ovary called: ovulation.
Parts of the menstrual cycle include the: d. Post-ovulatory phase on days 15-28.
The post-ovulatory phase can involve endometrial (uterine inner layer) generation (growth) after implantation (attachment) of a: fertilized ovum called a zygote.
The post-ovulatory phase can involve endometrial (uterine inner layer) degeneration in preparation for the: menstrual phase (endometrial sloughing).
Degeneration means deterioration or degradation.
The hormones responsible for endometrial (uterine inner layer) generation (growth) are: estrogen and progesterone.
Estrogen and progesterone are secreted (produced and discharged) by the: ovaries (female gonads)
Oral contraceptives containing a compound of estrogen and progesterone are abbreviated COCP which stands for: combined oral contraceptive pills.
Contraceptive means: against fertilization (conception)
Tissue that forms a connection between the maternal blood supply and embryo/fetal blood supply is called the; placenta
Maternal means mother
A hormone secreted by the placenta to support gestation is abbreviated HCG (hCG) human chorionic gonadotropin
Gestation means pregnancy
HCG can be detected (found) by performing an EPT which stands for: early pregnancy test
An early pregnancy test (EPT); can be performed on a woman's urine or serum (more accurate)
The placenta also secretes increasing levels of estrogen and progesterone to support gestation (pregnancy) and cause: 1. Development of mammary cells called breast tissue
The placenta also secretes increasing levels of estrogen and progesterone to support gestation (pregnancy) and cause: 2. Lactogenesis which means milk production (creation)
The canal from the cervix to the outside world is called the: vagina
The cervix is the: neck or inferior (lower) portion (part) of the uterus.
The vagina is a flexible tubular structure lined with membranes that secrete mucus called: mucus membranes
Physiologies (functions) of the vagina include being a: 1. Passageway for menstruation.
Menstruation is the: 28 day cyclic sloughing (shedding) of the endometrium (inner layer of the uterus).
Physiologies (functions) of the vagina include being a: 2. Receptacle (container) for the penis, semen and spermatozoa (sperm) during sexual intercourse aka coitus or copulation.
Physiologies (functions) of the vagina include being a: 3. Inferior (lower) portion of the birth canal.
Canal means passageway
The connection between the vagina and the cervix is called the: fornix
The female external genitalia is called the: vulva aka the pudendum
Genitalia means reproductive organs
The mound of elevated adipose tissue located anterior (in front of) the pubic symphysis and becomes covered with pubic hair during puberty is called the: mons pubis aka veneris
Adipose means fat
The lips of the vaginal os are called: labiae
Os means: opening aka orifice or meatus
The outer vaginal lips are called the labia majora
The inner vaginal lips are called the; labia minora
The region (area) within the labia majora and labia minora is called the: vestibule.
Labia majora are the: outer vaginal lips
Labia minora are the: inner vaginal lips
A small erectile organ of sexual excitation located superior to (above) the vestibule is called the: clitoris
The vestibule is the region (area) within the: labia majora (outer vaginal lips) and labia minora (inner vaginal lips).
Within the vestibule is a thin piece of tissue that partially closes the distal end portion of the vaginal os called the: hymen
The vestibule is the region (area) within the: labia majora and labia minora
On both sides of the urethral meatus are 2 mucus secreting glands called the; lesser vestibular glands aka Skene's glands
Skene's (lesser vestibular) glands produce mucus for lubricating during coitus aka: coitus aka copulation or sexual intercourse.
On both sides of the vaginal os are 2 mucus secreting glands called; the greater vestibular glands aka Bartholin's glands.
Bartholin's (greater vestibular) glands produce mucus for lubrication during: coitus aka copulation aka sexual intercourse.
The region (area) between the vaginal os and anus is called the: perineum
Anterior to (in front of) the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles of the thorax (chest) are: lactogenic glands called mammary glands.
Lactogenic means: milk creating (producing)
Each mammary gland contains sections called: lobes.
Mammary glands are: lactogenic which means milk creating (producing)
Each mammary lobe (section) contains smaller sections called lobules
Lactogenic cells located in the lobules are called: alveoli
Lobules are: small lobes
Milk is stored in the ampullae aka lactiferous sinuses
The vessels that carry milk from the alveoli to the ampullae and from the ampullae to the mammary papillae are called: lactiferous ducts.
Mammary papillae are nipples.
The dark pigmented region surrounding each nipple is called the areola
A nipple is called a mammary papillae
The size and shape of the breasts is determined by the: location and amount of deposited fat cells called adipose tissue.
The hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates lactogenesis (milk creation) is called: lactogenic hormone aka prolactin.
The pituitary gland is aka the hypophysis or master gland
LDRP stands for labor, delivery, recovery + postpartum
SAB stands for spontaneous abortion aka miscarriage.
TAB stands for therapeutic abortion
TOP stands for termination of pregnancy.
SVD stands for spontaneous vaginal delivery
EMB stands for endometrial biopsy.
LAVH stands for laporoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy.
Created by: bterrelonge