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Prax 0014 US history

Praxis II test 0014 social studies - US history

QuestionAnswer
Major battles of the American Revolution (The American War of Independence) Battle of ... Lexington and Concord (1775), Bunker Hill (1775), Princeton (1776), Brandywine (1777), Yorktown (1781)
Stamp Act, 1765 First direct tax placed on the colonies; all printed media were required to have stamps
Townshend Act, 1767 Placed a tax on essential goods (paper, glass, tea)
Tea Act, 1773 Tax break to East India Company
Boston Tea Party, 1773 A protest of the Tea Act by the American colonists
Intolerable Acts, 1774 Massachusetts Government Act; Administration of Justice Act, Boston Port Act, Quartering Act.
Declaration of Independence, 1776 Adopted by a 13 colony vote led to an alliance w/ France, followed by alliances w/ Spain&Dutch; the principles set forth in this doc justified the seperation of 13 colonies from G.Britain& provided responsibilities to individuals w/ a gov ruled by the ppl
The Magna Carta, 1215 The clauses of this document (63 total) explained and restricted the rights of the monarch
The Mayflower Compact, 1620 this compact, signed en route on the Mayflower, established a temporary majority-rule government for the Pilgrims
Articles of confederation, 1781 The first constitution of the 13 American States, later replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States
The Federalist Papers (1787-1788) This group of 85 articles was published in the New York newspapers to influence the decision to ratify the Constitution and even today help to explain the intent of the Constitution
US Constitution 1787 Document that established the basic principles of the American government
Emancipation Proclamation, 1865 issued during the Civil War, President Lincoln ended slavery in the confederate states
the pledge of allegiance, 1892 An oath of confirmation, written by Francis Bellamy, to support the nation
American-Indian Wars (1587-1890) The struggles in which European settlers and the colonies defeated Native Americans and tribes to expand their ownership of land in the placement and confinement of Native Americans on reservations
American Revolution (1775-1783) The struggle of how the United States won independence from Great Britain
War of 1812 (1812-1814) Congress declared war upon Britain which resulted in increased national patriotism, united the states into one nation, build confidence in US military strength and brought forth the Star Spangled Banner
Civil War (1861-1865) The two factions of the new nation, the North (union) and the slave-owning states of the south (Confederacy) fought until the succession of the south was squelched, slavery was abolished, the federal government gained great power and united the country
WW1 (1914-1945) Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Italy, Japan, U.S. and other allied defeated Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and the Bulgaria overthrew four empires (German, Hapsburg, Turkish, Russian) which resulted in the birth of 7 new nations
WW2 (1939-1945) G.B., France, S.U., U.S., China and other allies defeated Germ, It and Japan. 2 atomic bombs ended war (Hiroshima and Nagasaki). Divided Germany into 4 parts controlled by allied powers, geopolitical power shifted to Russia and US, new techs&global orgs
Korean war (1950-1953) Struggle between N. Korea (communist) aided by China and USSR and S. Korea (non-communists) aided by US, Britain and the UN, resulted in the same boundaries between the N and S
Vietnam War (1956-1975) long conflict in which N Vietnam (communist) was supported by China&SU tried to take over S. Vietnam (non-communist), supported by the US which resulted in the take over of S. Vietnam implementing a socialist republic were the communist party now governs
Persian Gulf War (1990-1991) The United States led a coalition of forces and destroyed much of Iraq's military forces, resulting in driving out the Iraqi army from Kuwait
The Iraq War (2003-present) The struggle in which the US and G.B led a coalition of forces against Iraq to expel Saddam Hussein
Created by: allie424
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