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P Mylin Study Stack

Remale Reproductive System

amni/o amnion
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
galact/o milk
lact/o milk
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus (womb)
metri/o uterus
uter/o uterus
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o uterus (womb); measure
nat/o birth
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory]tubes)
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
-para to bear (offspring)
-salpinx tube (usually fallopian or eustachian[auditory]tubes)
-tocia chilbirth, labor
-version turning
ante- before, in front of
dys- bad; painful; difficult
endo- in, within
multi- many, much
post- after
primi- first
Genital itching, painful intercourse, and foul-smelling discharge are symptoms of _________ vaginitis
Any of several contagious diseases acquired as a result of sexual activity with an infected partner; also known as venereal disease, can also be called _____________ sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Caused by bacteria; it involves the mucosal surface of the genitourinary tract and, possibly, the rectum and pharynx - acquired through sexual intercourse and through orogenital and anogenital contact gonorrhea
Caused by infection with the bacterium Treponema pallidum, it may become a chronic, infectious, multisystemic disease syphilis
Caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatic - the most prevalent and one of the most damaging STD's in the US chlamydia
Red, blisterlike, painful lesions that closely resemble the common fever blister or cold sore that appears on the lips and around the mouth genital herpes
Condylomas caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) also known as ________________ genital warts
More common in females - causes vaginitis, urethritis, and cystitis; in males it causes irritation inside the penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation trichomoniasis
Benign uterine tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue fibroids; AKA leiomyomas
The most common malignancy of women in the US; appears to be associated with ovarian hormonal function breast cancer
Most commonly affects women between the ages of 40-49; infection associated with sexual activity, first coitus at a young age, large numbers of sex partners, and infection with certain sexually transmitted viruses cervical cancer
Inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri endocervicitis
Inability or diminished ability to produce offspring infertility
Beginning of menstrual function menarche
Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow oligomenorrhea
Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained puberty
Turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position retroversion
Inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female sterility
Capable of sustaining life; denotes a fetus sufficiently develooped to live outside of the uterus viable
Termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus abortion
Premature separation of a normally situated placenta abruptio placentae
Common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal size of the fetus or the small size of the pelvic outlet dystocia
Most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy eclampsia
Woman who has been pregnant more than once multigravida
Woman who has delivered more than one viable (live) infant multipara
Process of giving birth parturition
Condition in which the placenta is attached near the cervix and ruptures prematurely, with spotting as the early symptom placenta previa
Woman pregnant for the first time premigravida
Period of 42 days after childbirth and expulsion of the placenta and membranes, during which the reproductive organs usually return to normal puerperium
Transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid amniocentesis
Test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with carbon dioxide tubal insufflation
Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument (colposcope) colposcopy
Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
Cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination Papanicolaou (Pap) test
Radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer mammography
Radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes (oviducts) following injection of a contrast medium hysterosalpingography
US of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis transvaginal ultrasonography
Suturing the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion cerclage
Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus; also called C-section cesarean birth
Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination conization
Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance cordocentesis
Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette Dilatation and Curettage (D&C
Incision of the perineum from the vaginal orifice usually done to prevent tearing of the tissue and to facilitate birth episiotomy
Excision of the uterus hysterectomy
Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain subtotal hysterectomy
Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain total hysterectomy
Total (complete) hysterectomy, including uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Excision of a small primary breast tumor (a "lump") and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it lumpectomy
Breast enlargement to increase breast size or to replace one that has been surgically removed breast augmentation
Exision of the entire breast mastectomy
Excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola, and the involved overlying skin total (simple) mastectomy
Excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in the underarm (axillary dissection) modified radical mastectomy
Excision of the entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast radical mastectomy
Surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen which is passed under the skin to the breast area transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap
Excision of an ovary and fallopian tube salpingo-oophorectomy
Procedure that ties (ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy tubal ligation
Days 1-5 Uterine endometrium sloughs off because of hormonal stimulation Menstrual
Days 6-14 When menstruation ceases, the endometrium begins to thicken as new tissue is rebuilt Ovulatory
Days 15-28 The empty graafian follicle fills with a yellow material and is now called the corpus luteum Postovulatory
Treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with a metabolic process antifungals
Treat symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue) through hormone replacement therapy (HRT) estrogens
Prevent ovulation oral contraceptives
Induce labor at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions oxytocics
Chemically destroy sperm by creating a highly acidic environment in the uterus spermicides
AB; AB; ab abortion
AI artificial insemination
BSE breast self-examination
CA cancer
D&C dilatation (dilation) and curettage
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
GYN gynecology
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingography
HSV herpes simplex virus
IUD intrauterine device
LMP last menstrual period
OCPs oral contraceptive pills
Pap Papanicolaou (test)
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMP previous menstrual period
PMS premenstrual syndrome
STD sexually transmitted disease
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TAHBSO total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TRAM transverse rectus abdominis muscle
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
VD venereal disease
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
CS, C-section cesarean section
CVS chorionic villus sampling
CWP childbirth without pain
FECG fetal electrocardiogram
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
IUGR intrauterine growth rate; intrauterine growth retardation
IVF-ET in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer
LBW low birth weight
NB newborn
OB obstetrics
para 1,2,3 and so on... unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)
UC uterine contractions
Accessory parts of a structure adnexa
Congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina atresia
Ovarian scar tissue that results from rupturing of a follicle during ovulation corpus luteum
Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the utering cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of uterine cavity ectopic pregnancy
Surgical closure of the vaginal canal colpocleisis
Created by: pmylin