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History Chp22

The Irish War of Independence

TermDefinition
Dail The parliament of an independent Irish Republic which met on 21st January 1919
Soloheadbeg, Tipperary Dan Breen and Sean Treacy attacked an RIC patrol here
guerrilla tactics ambush tactic used by the IRA
flying columns IRA was organised into small groups
Michael Collins Minister for Finance
Squad Michael Collins organised a squad of 12 assassins to kill British spies
Black and Tans Former WW1 British soldiers
Auxiliaries British officers
Terence McSwiney Lord Mayor of Cork who succeeded Tomas MacCurtain. Died on hunger strike
Bloody Sunday Black and Tans killed 14 civilians in Croke Park in retaliation to the Squad's execution of 12 British spies
Government of Ireland Act, 1920 It separated the six counties of Northern Ireland from the rest of Ireland
Anglo-Irish Treaty, 1921 The agreement that brought the Irish War of Independence to an end
The Irish Free State new 26 county independent Irish state created by the Anglo Irish Treaty
Oath of Allegiance promise Irish TDs had to make to be loyal to the king of Britain
Governor General British king's representative in Ireland
Treaty Ports three Irish ports which the British kept control of after the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Pro-Treaty Irish people who supported the Anglo Irish Treaty
Anti-Treaty Irish people who opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty
lrregulars IRA members who opposed the Anglo-Irish Treaty in the Civil War
Cumann na nGaedheal new political party set up by people who supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Created by: cbstullamore