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The Cold War

Cold War Terms, People, and Events

Cold War struggle for global power between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
containment preventing the Soviet Unnion from expanding its influence around the world
Truman Doctrine policy of providing aid to help foreign countries fight communism
Marshall Plan Western Europe received more than $13 billion in U.S. loans and grants fro European economic recovery between 1948 and 1952.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) U.S. joined nine Western European countries, along with Iceland and Canada to form this.
GI Bill of Rights or the Servicemen's Readjustment act that offered veterans money for school as well as loans for houses, farms, and businesses.
Fair Deal included a higher minimum wage, the creation of a national health insurance plan for all Americans, and expanded Social Security benefits for the elderly
38th Parallel the spot where North and South Korea were divided
Soviet Union controlled the northern part of Korea
United States occupied the southern part of Korea
McCarthy contributed to fears in the early 1950's by charging that Communists were working inside the State Department
brinkmanship a willingness to go to the brink of war to oppose commmunism
arms race both the U.S. and the Soviet Union rushed to build more and more nuclear weapons
Sputnik the world's first artificial satellite
Joseph Stalin Communist leader of Russia during the Cold War
Harry Truman President of the U.S. during the Cold War; he encouraged containment
Iron Curtain the division Winston Churchill described of Stalin's creation of Communist governments in Poland, and of the Soviet Union expanding its control over Eastern Europe by creating "satellite states"(countries under complete Soviet control.
baby boom significant increase in the number of babies born
Sun Belt southern and western states that offered a warm climate year-round and low tax rates
urban renewal program a plan to improve life in the cities
beats criticized society with unusual writing styles and rebellious behavior
Mao Zedong the Communists officially established the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949
Jackie Robinson baseball player ending segregation in major league baseball
hydrogen bomb weapon far more powerful than the atomic bombs uses in World War II
arms race the U.S. and the Soviet Union rushed to build more weapons than each other
Sputnik the world's first artificial satellite
brinkmanship willingness to go to the brink of war to oppose communism
bomb shelter built by families in case of a nuclear emergency
beats criticized society with unusual writing styles and rebellious behavior
suburbs people moved out of the city to the ___________ for advantages like driveways, large lawns, labor-saving appliances, sports, and activities.
Pop culture Americans watched 6 hours of T.V., listened to Rock 'n' Roll, Jazz, went to Drive in movies, watched "I Love Lucy"
Dr. Jonas Salk Developed a vaccine for the paralyzing disease of polio.
Jazz Greats Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie(fathers of Bebop)
Rock 'n' Roll Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, and Little Richard were _______ 'n' _________ artists
Yalta Conference and Potsdam Conference attended by Franklin Roosevelt(USA), Winston Churchill(Great Britain), and Joseph Stalin(Soviet Union)
Created by: scraig29