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Unit 8 Ch. 3 Exam

This is a StudyStack for the Unit 8 Ch. 1 Exam

Question/TermAnswer/Definition
Your heart, veins, capillaries and arteries work together to ____. Transport materials throughout your body
How do pathogens enter your body through the skin.? Through a cut or an injury
One function of the skin is to ____. Sense the environment
The cells that deliver oxygen to other cells are ____. Red blood cells
When foreign material enters the body, one way the immune system responds is by ____. Producing antibodies
Which structures in the skin helps control body temperature? Sweat glands
Blood pressure is the pressure that blood exerts on your ____. Blood vessels
When skin gets damaged, the body releases histamines, which cause ____. Swelling, redness, and heat
One way you can help your skin stay healthy is by ____. Keeping clean
What is the definition of artery? A blood Vessel that had strong walls that carries blood away from the heart
What is the definition of blood? A fluid in the body that delivers oxygen and other materials to cells and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes
What is the definition of capillary? A narrow blood vessel that connects arteries and veins
What is the definition of circulatory system? The group of organs, consisting of the heart and blood vessels, that circulated blood through the body
What is the definition of red blood cell? A type of blood cell that picks up oxygen in the lungs and delivers it to cells throughout the body
What is the definition of vein? A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart
What is the definition of antibiotic? A medicine that can block the growth and reproduction of bacteria
What is the definition of antibody? A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specific foreign materials
What is the definition of antigen? A particular substance that the bod recognizes as foreign and that stimulated a response
What is the definition of immune system? A group of organs that provides protection against disease-causing agents
What is the definition of immunity? Resistance to a disease. It can result from antibodies formed in the body during a previous attack of the same illness
What is the definition of pathogen? An agent that causes disease
What is the definition of vaccine? A small amount of a weakened pathogen that is introduced into the body to stimulate the production of antibodies
What is the definition of dermis? The inner layer of the skin
What is the definition of epidermis? The outer layer of skin
What is the definition of integumentary system? The body system that includes the skin and its associated structures.
How does the blood move through the heart? RIGHT ATRIUM to RIGHT VENTRICLE- RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERIES- PULMONARY ARTERIES to LUNGS-PULMONARY VEINS to LEFT ATRIUM- LEFT ATRIUM to LEFT VENTRICLE- LEFT VENTRICLE to AORTA
Which chambers contain oxygen rich blood? Left Atrium and the Left Ventricle
Which part of the heart pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs? Right Ventricle
Which part of the heart pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body? Left Ventricle
Why are the walls of the ventricles thicker that those of the atrium? They have to pump blood to and from the heart
What are the four different blood types? A - B - O - AB
Which one is considered the "Universal Donor"? O
Which one is considered the "Universal Recipient? AB
Why is it important to know your blood type? It is important to know your blood type in case you have to have a transfusion
What is the primary function of the red blood cells? Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Would you expect blood pressure to be higher in arteries or in veins? Explain Arteries because blood is coming directly from the heart.
What is the difference between the nonspecific and specific immune responses? Specific attack specific places in the body, while unspecific fight everywhere in the body
What is the difference between active and passive immunity? Active is when you create your own immune system and passive is passed on from the mother or hereditarily
What are the four functions of the integumentary system? Repel water, guard against infection, help maintain homeostasis, and sense the environment
What structures are found in the dermis layer of the skin? Sweat glands, hair follicle, sebaceous gland, muscle tissue, nerves
Created by: gbcaudi1