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common med terms

Numbers, Surgical Procedures, Conditions, Directions, and Positions

TermDefinition
mono-, uni- one
bi- two
tri- three
quadr- four
hex-, sex- six
diplo- double
-centesis puncture a cavity to remove fluid
-ectomy surgical removal
-ostomy a new permanent opening
-otomy cutting into
-orraphy surgical repair
-opexy surgical fixation
--oplasty surgical repair
-otripsy crushing, destroying
ambi- both
aniso- unequal
dys- bad, painful, difficult
eu- good, normal
hetero- different
homo- same
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficient, below
iso- equal, same
mal- bad, poor
megalo- large
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness
-emia blood
-iasis condition of
-itis inflammation
-lysis destruction, break down
-lytic destroy, break down
-oid like
-oma tumor
-opathy disease of
-orrhagia hemorrhage
-orrhea flow or discharge
-osis abnormal condition of
-paresis weakness
-plasia growth
-pnea breathing
-plegia paralysis
ab- away from
ad- toward
ecto-, exo- outside
endo- within
epi- upon
infra- below, under
ipsi- same
meta- after, beyond
peri- surrounding
retro- behind, back
trans- across, through
anterior or ventral at or near the front surface of the body
posterior or dorsal at or near the back surface of the body
superior above
inferior below
lateral side
distal farthest from center
proximal nearest to center
medial, meso middle
supine face up or palm up
prone face down or palm down
sagittal vertical body plane, divides the body into wqual right and left sides
transverse horizontal body plane, divides the body into top and bottom sections
coronal vertical body plane, divides the body into front and back sections
Created by: Afriend4life