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Tendons & Ligaments

Definition, function, injuires & examples of joints, tendons, ligaments

QuestionAnswer
What is the definition of a joint? A point of contact between bones (or between bone and cartilage)
What is an example of a GLIDING synovial joint? clavicle - sternum / vertebrae - ribs / sacrum - ilium (hips)
What is an example of a HINGE synovial joint? elbow / knee / ankle (main) / inter-phalanges
What is an example of a PIVOT synovial joint? neck - skull (top of spine) / radius - ulna (elbow end)
What is an example of a BALL & SOCKET synovial joint? shoulder (scapula/clavicle - humerus) / hip (femur - pelvis)
What is the definition of a tendon? connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
What is the function (purpose) of a tendon? create movement
What is the definition of a ligament? connective tissue that connects bone to bone
What is the function (purpose) of a ligament? protect joints
What is the definition of a SPRAIN injury? overstretched or torn ligament
What is the definition of a STRAIN injury? overstretched or torn tendon and/or muscle
What is the name of the major ligament at the front of the hip? Iliofemoral ligament (upside down V or Y shape)
What is the name of the ligament that runs down the inner side of the knee? Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL - connects femur & tibia)
What is the name of the ligament that runs down the outer side of the knee? Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL - connects femur & fibula)
What are the names of the ligaments inside the knee joint? Anterior Cruciate Ligament & Posterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL & PCL - form a cross shape)
What is the name of the major tendon at the back of the ankle? Achilles Tendon
Created by: KateSharp