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Ag vocab

QuestionAnswer
what is a Monogastric having a stomach with only a single compartment
what is a Mouth the natural opening through which food passes into the body of an animal and which in vertebrates is typically bounded externally by the lips and internally by the pharynx and encloses the tongue, gums, and teeth
what is a Esophagus a muscular tube that conveys food from the mouth to the stomach and that in humans is about nine inches (23 centimeters) long and passes from the pharynx down the neck between the trachea and the spinal column
what is a Stomach a saclike expansion of the digestive tract of a vertebrate that is located between the esophagus and duodenum and typically consists of a simple often curved sac with an outer serous covering
what is a Small Intestine the narrow part of the intestine that lies between the stomach and colon, consists of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, secretes digestive enzymes, and is the chief site of the digestion of food into small molecules which are absorbed into the body
what is a Cecum a cavity open at one end
what is a Large Intestine the more terminal division of the vertebrate intestine that is wider and shorter than the small intestine, typically divided into cecum, colon, and rectum, and concerned especially with the resorption of water and the formation of feces
what is a Rectum the terminal part of the intestine from the sigmoid colon to the anus
what is a Ruminant of or relating to two suborders (Ruminantia and Tylopoda) of herbivorous even-toed hoofed mammals (such as sheep, oxen, deer, and camels) that chew the cud and have a complex 3- or 4-chambered stomach
what is a Rumen the large first compartment of the stomach of a ruminant in which cellulose is broken down by the action of symbiotic microorganisms
what is a Reticulum the second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells
what is a Omasum the third chamber of the ruminant stomach that is situated between the reticulum and the abomasum
what is a Abomasum the fourth compartment of the ruminant stomach that follows the omasum and has a true digestive function
what is a Salivary Gland a small organ that produces saliva in the mouth
what is a Gallbladder a membranous muscular sac in which bile from the liver is stored
what is a Pancreas a large lobulated gland of vertebrates that secretes digestive enzymes and the hormones insulin and glucagon
what is a Cardiac Valve HEART VALVE
what is a Pyloric Valve PYLORIC SPHINCTER
what is a Villi a small slender often vascular process
what is a Absorption the process of absorbing something or of being absorbed
what is a Alimentary Tract DIGESTIVE TRACT
what is a Crop a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration
what is a Proventriculus the glandular or true stomach of a bird that is situated between the crop and gizzard
what is a Gizzard the muscular enlargement of the digestive tract of birds that has usually thick muscular walls
what is a Cloaca a comparable chamber of an invertebrate
what is a Kidney one of a pair of vertebrate organs situated in the body cavity near the spinal column
what is a Duodenum the first part of the small intestine extending from the pylorus to the jejunum
what is a Pharynx the muscular tubular passage of the vertebrate digestive and respiratory tracts extending from the back of the nasal cavity and mouth to the esophagus
what is a Liver a large very vascular glandular organ of vertebrates
what is a Yolk Sac a membranous sac of most vertebrates that encloses the yolk
Created by: 1KA