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AFI Key terms

HSC Unit 1

TermDefinition
Agriculture all grown foods, including plants and animals
Agri-food chain the process of producing and supplying food for the consumer
Economy all activity related to production, distribution, consumption and trade of goods and services
Bio-technology the use of biological processes for industrial and other processes
Food processing/manufacturing sector the process of turning raw food into different food products
Food retail sector the food business where the consumer can buy processed food products
Food service and catering sector the food businesses responsible for meals prepared outside the home such as restaurants, hotel, catering operations
Genetic engineering a process that involves taking a gene with a desirable characteristic and transferring it to another living organism
Organic farming farming with minimal use of synthetic chemicals and with concern for the whole environment
Quality control the operational techniques and activities used to produce products and services economically and consistently to meet or exceed customer requirements
Value adding the processing of goods to increase their worth
Food Standards Australia and New Zealand (FSANZ) an independent statutory agency that works with the government to achieve a safe food supply by developing food standards and codes of practice, and standardising food law
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) a systematic method of identifying, monitoring and controlling hazards
Levels of operation the scale of food production and degree of mechanisation of different food producers
Niche market a section of a market that is usually quiet small and with specific needs
Non-renewable resources a resource of economic value that cannot be readily replaced by natural means at a quick enough pace to keep up with consumption
Quality assurance a guarantee that manufacturing standards will be maintained so that the quality of the product remains consistent
Research and Development (R&D) the study, design and planning processes used to make new products or modify/update existing products
Sustainability the ability to continue a defined behaviour at a part level, indefinitely. OR not harming the environment or depleting natural resources, ensuring long-term availability
Advisory groups bodies that provide strategic advice to corporations or other organisms
Free trade agreements (FTA) a treaty between two or more countries to create a free trade area where they can trade goods and services without tariffs or other hindrances
Globalisation the process of international integration and the breaking down of barriers to make a united global community
Legislation the action or process of making laws, or those laws collectively
Policy a course of action adopted or proposed by an organisation (often government) or an individual
Self-regulated when a person or group policies itself without outside assistance or input from the government
Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code it lists requirements for foods such as additives, food safety, labelling and genetically modified foods. Enforcement and interpretation is the responsibility of state and territory departments and food agencies
Created by: MissBarbuto