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Chapter 3 Med Terms

medical terminology - vocab relating to integumentary system

abrasion A scraping away of the skin surface by friction.
abscess A collection of pus in the skin.
albino A genetic condition in which the person is unable to make melanin.Characterized by white hair and skin, and red pupils due to the lack of pigment.
alopecia absence or loss of hair, especially of the head. Commonly called baldness.
cicatrix A scar.
comedo Collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle; blackhead.
contusion Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising. The skin is not broken.
cyanosis Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood.
cyst Fluid-filled sac under the skin.
decubitus ulcer Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin. These can appear in bedridden patients who lie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal. Also called bedsore or pressure sore.
depigmentation Loss of normal skin color or pigment.
dermatologist Physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system.
dermatology Study of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system.
diaphoresis Profuse sweating.
ecchymosis Skin discoloration caused by blood collection under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise.
erythema Redness or flushing of the skin.
fissure Crack-like lesion or groove on the skin.
frostbite freezing or the effect of freezing on a part of the body. Exposed areas such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers, and toes are generally affected.
hemangioma Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels.
hirsutism Excessive hair growth over the body.
hyperemia Redness of the skin due to increased blood flow.
hyperpigmentation Abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin.
keloid Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery.
keratosis Skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis.
macule Flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface. An example would be a freckle or a birthmark.
male pattern baldness Pattern of baldness most commonly seen in men. Begins as a receding hairline and progresses to full baldness on top of the head and a fringe of hair around the edges.
nevus Pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, or mole. Usually benign but may become cancerous.
nodule Firm, solid mass of cells in the skin.
papule Small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the skin. Less than 1 cm in diameter.
pediculosis Infestation with lice. The eggs laid by the lice are called nits and cling tightly to hair.
petechiae Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin.
photosensitivity Condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when esposed to light, such as the UV rays of the sun.
polyp Small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment. They are commonly found in mucous membranes such as the nasal cavity.
pruritus Severe itching.
purpura Hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels. Commonly seen in elderly people.
purulent Containing or producing pus.
pustule Raised spot on the skin containing pus.
scabies Contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children.
suppurative Containing or producing pus.
ulcer Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane.
urticaria Also called hives; a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions.
verruca Commonly called warts; a benign growth caused by a virus. Has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals or laser therapy.
vesicle A blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin.
vitiligo Disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance. Also called leukoderma.
wheal Small,round, raised area on the skin that may be accompanied by itching.
Created by: emilyfelps92