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Terminology 4

HLHS 101 bones, joints, muscles

osteoporosis AW-stee-oh-por-OH-sis loss of bone density
osteosclerosis aw-stee-oh-skleh-ROH-sis abnormal harding of bone
costochondritis KAW-stoh-kawn-DRAI-tis inflammation of cartilage of the rib
myasthenia mai-as-THEH-nee-ah my-asthenia muscle-weakness
polymyositis PAW-lee-MAI-oh-SAI-tis inflammation of multiple muscles poly/myos/itis many/muscles/inflammation
tendonitis or tendinitis TEN-dah-NAI-tis tendon inflammation
analgesic A-nal-JEE-zik drug that relieves pain an/alge/sic no/pain/agent
tarsectomy tar-SEK-toh-mee removal of all or a portion of the ankle
chondroplasty KAWN-droh-PLAS-tee reconstruction of the cartilage chondro/plasty cartilage/reconstruction
fasciotomy FA-shee-AW-toh-mee incision into fascia fascio/tomy fascia/incision
fracture FRAK-shur Latin for "break"
lumb/o loin, lower back
tars/o ankle
carp/o wrist
femor/o femur, thigh bone
burs/o bursa
bursa small fluid-filled sac found near body joints reduce friction and and act as cushions
fascia fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles together
hyperkinesia condition of excessive movement hyper-kines-ia excessive-movement-condition
ankyl/o stiff, bent
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
costalgia kaws-TAL-jah rib pain cost/algia rib/pain
cost/o rib
chondr/o cartilage
cervicodynia cervico-dyn-ia neck vertebra - pain - condition pain in the neck
puncture of joint
arthrogram meaning and which syllable gets emphasis AR-throh-gram visual record of a joint
polydactyly paw-lee-DAK-tih-lee having more than the normal number of fingers or toes poly/dactyl/y many/fingers or toes/condition
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
tardive dyskinesia TAR-div DIS-kin-EE-zhah condition characterized by the loss of muscle control
myoclonus MAI-oh-KLAWN-us violent muscle contraction myo-clonus muscle-turmoil
oste/o bone
crani/o head, skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
brachi/o brachia arm
dactyl/o finger
tib/o tibia shin bone
arthr/o joint
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
tendon connective tissue connecting muscle to bone
fasci/o fascia
ton/o tone, tension
kinesi/o, kinet/o movement, motion
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
paresis vs. plegia Neurologists use the term paresis to describe weakness, and plegia to describe paralysis in which all voluntary movement is lost (Wikipedia)
crepitation kreh-pih-TAY-shun from Latin, for "rattle" or "creaking"
genu valgum JEH-noo VAL-gum knee pointed in
genu varum JEH-no VAH-rum knee bowed out
ataxia ah-TAK-see-ah lack of coordination a/tax/ia not/coordination/condition
Created by: spritle