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HLHS 101 CH 4 long

HLHS 101 bones, joints, muscles

TermDefinition
osteoporosis loss of bone density
osteosclerosis abnormal harding of bone
costochondritis inflammation of cartilage of the rib
myasthenia my-asthenia muscle-weakness
polymyositis inflammation of multiple muscles
tendonitis or tendinitis tendon inflammation
analgesic drug that relieves pain
tarsectomy removal of all or a portion of the ankle
chondroplasty reconstruction of the cartilage
fasciotomy incision into fascia
fracture Latin for "break"
lumb/o loin, lower back
tars/o ankle
carp/o wrist
femor/o femur, thigh bone
burs/o bursa
bursa small fluid-filled sac found near body joints reduce friction and and act as cushions
fascia fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles together
hyperkinesia condition of excessive movement
ankyl/o stiff, bent
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
costalgia rib pain
cost/o rib
chondr/o cartilage
cervicodynia pain in the neck
arthrocentesis puncture of joint
arthrogram visual record of a joint
polydactyly having more than the normal number of fingers or toes
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
tardive dyskinesia condition characterized by the loss of muscle control
myoclonus violent muscle contraction
oste/o bone
crani/o head, skull
cervic/o neck
spondyl/o vertebra
brachi/o brachia arm
dactyl/o finger
tib/o tibia shin bone
arthr/o joint
muscul/o, my/o, myos/o muscle
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
tendon connective tissue connecting muscle to bone
fasci/o fascia
ton/o tone, tension
kinesi/o, kinet/o movement, motion
tax/o arrangement, order, coordination
paresis vs. plegia Neurologists use the term paresis to describe weakness, and plegia to describe paralysis in which all voluntary movement is lost (Wikipedia)
crepitation from Latin, for "rattle" or "creaking"
genu valgum knee pointed in
genu varum knee bowed out
ataxia lack of coordination
cephal/o head
brachiocephalic arm head pertaining to
pterodactyl winged finger
fontanella soft spot in child's head
ligaments attach bone to bone
tendons attach muscle to bone
flexion joint bends
extension joint straightens
periosteum dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bones
fascia connective tissue, binding muscles together (silverskin)
miniscus a thin fibrous cartilage between the surfaces of some joints, e.g. the knee
paresis weakness
plegia paralysis
Created by: spritle