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Chapter 11-13

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Predictive Testing This testing is used to see if genes are present that could lead to hereditary diseases or other harmful genetic conditions. Individuals who come from families where certain inherited diseases have appeared may opt for predictive genetic testing to confir
Carrier testing Used to determine if individuals carry harmful genes that could be passed on to offspring
Prenatal testing This testing is used to see, through a process called amniocentesis, if harmful genes are present in a fetus.
Preimplantation Testing Tests for harmful genes in embryos after artificial insemination but before implantation. Usually offered to couples who have a reasonable chance of passing on harmful genes.
Forensic Testing I used in law enforcement to eliminate or designate suspects in a crime, identify homicide victims, or to otherwise analyze DNA samples for law enforcement purposes.
Tracing Image This testing is used in determining parentage or other relationships within families.
Newborn Screening Tests Usually performed routinely to check for treatable, harmful genetic conditions or diseases, such as PKU.
Diagnostic Testing If symptoms have appeared, doctors can order tests for patients to confirm or rule out certain genetic diseases.
Infertility The failure to conceive for a period of 12 months or longer due to a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any reproductive part, organ, or system.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Fertilization that takes place outside a woman's body, literally "In glass", as in a test tube.
Artificial insemination The mechanical injection of viable semen into the vagina
Homologous artificial insemination The process in which a husband's sperm is mechanically injected into his wife's vagina to fertilize her eggs.
Heterologous artificial insemination The process in which donor sperm is mechanically injected in a woman' s vagina to fertilize her eggs.
Surrogate mother A woman who becomes pregnant, usually by artificial insemination or surgical implantation of a fertilized egg, and bears a child for another woman.
Created by: Chani1711