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Language of Medicine

Chapter 1 Prefixes

a-, an- no, not, without
aut-, auto- self, own (example: autopsy, "process of viewing by oneself")
dia- complete, through (example: diagnosis)
endo- within (example: Endocrinologist)
ex-, exo- out, outside of, outward (excision:the act or procedure of removing by or as if by cutting out; especially : surgical removal or resection)
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal (example: Hyperglycemia means the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood is elevated beyond normal. It is a complication some people with diabetes.
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal (example: Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by a very low level of blood sugar (glucose), your body's main energy source).
in- into, in (example: incision)
peri- surrounding, around (example: pericardium is the membrane that surrounds the heart)
pro- before, forward (example: prostate gland; it produces semen)
re- back, backward, again (example: resection)
retro- behind
sub- below, under (example: subhepatic)
trans- across, through (example: transhepatic)
Created by: MissMeeMee