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VNPT51 CH.17 Terms

VNPT51 Chapter 17 Dosage Calculations and Medication Administration-mb

Adverse Drug Reaction Mental or physical changes that occur after administration of a medication.
agonist A drug that produces a predictable response at the intended site of action is called...
anaphylactic shock a severe, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction.
antagonist A drug that blocks the action of another drug.
body surface area total area exposed to the outside environment
buccal in the cheek
compatibility The ability to easily administer medications together without any difficulty for the patient.
cumulative increasing by increments
denominator the bottom number of a fraction
dimensional analysis Factors; Drug label factor. Conversion factor. Drug order factor.
drip factor an apparatus that is used to deliver measured amounts of IV solutions of specific flow rates that are based on the size of drops of the solution
drug interaction When one drug alters the action of another drug.
enteral Drugs that enter through the enteral route. (I.E, are absorbed within the GI tract).
enteric-coated encased by a coated shell that keeps the tablet from being absorbed in the stomach
extremes are the outer terms of the proportion
gauge Needle's inner diameter (bore) The higher the # the smaller the gauge
graduated has markings indicating marked amount; total volume of cup is 30mL, or 1 oz
idiosyncratic reaction to a drug results from the individual's unique hypersensitivity to a particular drug. It is an unexpected response to a medication.
intermittent venous access device (commonly called a saline lock) is an IV infusion device with male adapters covered by diaphragms for the administration of intermittent infusions and as an access site for emergency drug infusion
lumen the inside of the hollow shaft
means are the inner terms of the proportion.
meniscus curve formed by liquid's upper surface
metabolite a substance produced by metabolic action, which results in the breakdown of the drug.
milliequivalent refers to the concentration of electrolytes in a certain volume of solution, expressed as milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L)
numerator top number of a fraction
parenteral routes other than the digestive system route
patient-controlled analgesis (PCA) drug-delivery system that dispenses a present IV dose of an opioid analgesic into a patient's vein when the patient pushes a button that is connected to the PCA system via a cord
percent %, a symbol.
percutaneous through the skin or mucous membranes
pharmacology is the study of drugs (medications)
potentiation When one drug increases the action or effect of another drug (aka synergism)
proportion a relationship between two ratios of equal value. In the expression of a proportion, the ratios are separated by a double colon.
pulverized crushed to a powder
ratio the relationship of one number or quantity to another number or quantity. Numbers of a ratio are separated by a colon. A ratio is also a fraction
souffle cup Ungraduated, disposable paper cup
sublingual under the tongue
therapeutic It is important for the nurse to be familiar with (beneficial) dosages of frequently used drugs to competently administer doses of medication to patients
tolerance A reduced response to a drug over time
toxicity dangerous buildup of a substance
topical applications applied to the skin, instillations, and inhalations.
Created by: barragan_93230