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Psych development

Fundamanetal concepts

QuestionAnswer
study of motor development to observe changes in movement across the lifespan, then determine why these movements change
development is... -Continuous Process of Change -related to age -involves sequential change
Motor development continuous, age-related process of change in movement (more naturally
Motor Learning relatively permanent gains in motor skill capability associated with practice or experience
Motor control the study of the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects of movement
Physical growth quantitative increase in size or magnitude
Maturation advance in biological makeup
aging the process that leads to loss of adaptability or full function and eventually to death
Newell's model Movements arise from the interactions of the individual, environment, and task
Constraint a characteristic of the individual, environment, or task that encourages some movements while discouraging others
Individual constraints a person’s unique physical and mental characteristics
structural constraints (individual) related to the body’s structure (Height, weight- physical growth takes more time )
functional constraints (individual) related to behavioral function (Motivation, self esteem – More subject to change)
Why is it important that we know whether someone’s movement is being shaped by structural or functional constraints? -Better able to recognize deviance/difference -Depends on body issues or mental health -So you can modify the tasks
Environmental constraints related to the world around us (surfaces, weather, crowd, location)
task constraints include the goals and rule structure of a movement or activity (Basketball example: Goal = to score; Rules = include dribbling)
Imagine you are a physical educator or a coach. Knowing how height and body size change with growth, how would you adapt the game of basketball so the movement remain nearly the same during the growth years -Lower the nets -Reduce court dimensions -Make a more appropriate environment -Body scaling
Skill acquisition acquisition is a set of processes associated with practice or experience leading to relatively permanent changes in the capacity for movement
Learning-performance distinction Refers to the well-established finding that performance measures during acquisition may mask the true degree of learning that has occurred
longitudinal research study is where the same individual or group is observed performing the same tasks or behaviors on numerous occasions over a long time
cross-sectional research study is where developmental change is inferred by observing individuals or groups of varying ages at one point in time
mixed-longitudinal, or sequential research study several age groups are observed at one time or over a shorter time span, permitting observation of an age span that is longer than the observation period
Created by: rmart11