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Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
A-,An- without, lack of
Ab- from, away
Ad- to, toward, near
Ana- up, back, again
Ante- before, in front of, ahead of
Anti- against
Append- appendix
Bi-,Bin- twice, double, both
Brady- slow
Contra- against, counter
Di- double, twice
Dis- separation, away from
Ecto-,Exo- outside, external
Endo- within, intermost
Epi- upon, over,upper
Erythr- red
Glyc- sugar
Hyper- excessive, high, over, increased, more than normal
Hypo- decreased, deficient, low, less than normal
Im- not
Infra- beneath, below
Inter- between, among
Intra- within, into, inside
Iso- equal, alike, same
Macro- large
Mal- bad, abnormal, disordered, poor
Meso- middle
Meta- change
Micro- small
Mono- one, single
Multi- many, much, a large amount
Mut- after
Neo- new
Para- near, beside, beyond, abnormal, lower half of the body
Patho- disease, abnormal, condition
Peri- around
Poly- many, much
Post- after, behind
Pre- before, in front of
Pseudo- false
Re- back, again
Retro- backward, in back, behind
Semi- half, part
Sub- less, under, below
Super- above, upon, over, higher in position
Syn- joined, fused, together
Tachy- rapid, fast
Tetra- four
Trans- across, over ,beyond
Tri- three
Ultra- beyond, excess
Uni- one
-al like, similar, pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-blast germ/embryonic cell
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cidal causing death
-clast broken
-crit to separate
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal of
-emia blood
-emesis vomit
-gen, -gensis, -genic origin, producing, causing
-gila glue
-gram tracing, picture, record
-ia condition of, abnormal/pathological state
-iac, -ic, -ior pertaining to
-ism condition, theory, state of being
-itia, -itis inflammation, inflammation of
-logy study of, science of
-lyte dissolvable
-lytic destroy, reduce
-mania insanity, mental disorder
-megaly large, enlarged
-meter measuring, measure instrument
-odia smell
-ologist person who does/studies
-oma tumor
-opia vision
-opsy to view
-orrhea flow, discharge
-orrhexis rupture
-osis condition, state, process
-ostomy creation of an artificial opening
-otomy cutting into
-oxia hardening
-pathy disease
-sclerosis dryness or hardness
-scope examining instrument
-sepsis infection
-spasm involuntary contraction
-stasis maintaining a constant level
-tomy cut into or incision
-tropic influencing
Seb sebaceous gland
Cutane. dermal, derm skin
Hidr sweat glands
Pil hair
Oste, oss, ost bones
Chondr, cartilage
Arthr joints
Ligament ligaments
Myel bone marrow
Fasci fascia
My muscles
Ten, Tend, Tendin tendons
Encephal brain
Acoust, Ot ears
Ocul, Ophtalm eyes
Neur nerves
Myel brain
Arteri arteries
Hemat blood
Card, Cardi heart
Phleb, Ven veins hem
Capill capillaries
Lymph lmph
Splen spleen
Thym thymus
Tonsil tonsils
AA acute appendicitis
a.c. before meals
AD, a.d. Alzheimer's disease, right ear
ad lib freely
am, AM morning
AS, a.s. left ear
AU, a.u. each ear
BE barium enema
BID, b.i.d., bid twice per day
BP blood pressure
BR bedrest
BPR bathroom privileges
BM bowel movement
Bx biopsy
C(with line above it) with
CA, Ca coronary artery
cap capsule
disc, DC, d.c. discontinue
DNR do not resuscitate
Dx, dx diagnosis
ED erectile dysfunction
ER emergency room
Fx, fx function, fracture
g, gm gram
gt, gtt drops
h.s. half strength
Ht, ht height
inj injection
I and O, I/O intraosseous infusion
IV intravenous
K+,K potassium
mg magnesium
N&V nausea and vomiting
Na+, Na sodium
NC nasal cannula
NPO nothing by mouth
NPO p MN nothing by mouth after midnight
oint, ung ointment
OOB out of bed
OTC over the counter
oz ounce
P melting point
p.c. after meals
pH hydrogen ion concentration
PM, p.m. afternoon
PO, po, p.o. orally
PRN as needed
q.am everyday before home
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. four times a day
QNS quantity not sufficient
q.s. as much as needed
r, R respiration
Rx to take
S(with line above) without
SOB shortness of breath
ss a half
stat immediately
syr syrup
susp suspension
sup,supp superior
T temperature
tab tablet
tbsp tablespoon
TID, t.i.d. three times a day
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
tsp teaspoon
Tx treatment
VS volumetric solution, vital signs, vesicular sound
W/C, w/c wheelchair
Created by: sydney20