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amendments

TermDefinition
1st Amendment Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly (protest)
2nd Amendment Protects citizen's right to bear arms
3rd Amendment Prevents the government from placing troops in private homes
4th Amendment Prevents the government from unreasonable search and seizure of the property of US citizens. It requires the government to have a warrant that was issued by a judge and based on probable cause.
5th Amendment Right to not testify against yourself, protects from double jeopardy
6th Amendment Right to a speedy trial, of peers
7th Amendment Civil cases can be tried by a jury
8th Amendment Prohibits excessive bail, fines, and cruel/unusual punishments
9th Amendment The rights listed in the Constitution are not exhaustive. People have rights that aren't listed.
10th Amendment Gives all powers not specifically given to the United States government in the Constitution, to either the states or to the people.
11th Amendment This amendment set limits on when a state can be sued. In particular it gave immunity to states from law suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders (1795)
12th Amendment Election of the president and vice president by the electoral college (1804)
13th Amendment Abolish slavery (1865)
14th Amendment Prohibits states from reducing the privileges of citizens and ensures each citizen the 'right to due process and the equal protection of the law (1868)
15th Amendment Gave all men the right to vote regardless of race or color or whether they had been slaves (1870)
16th Amendment Gave the federal government the power to collect income tax (1913)
17th Amendment Gives voters the power to directly elect their senators (1913)
18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol making alcoholic drinks illegal (1919)
19th Amendment The 19th amendment gave women the right to vote. It's also called women's suffrage (1920)
20th Amendment Lame duck amendment - new congress begins January 3rd and new president on January 20th (1933)
21st Amendment This amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment (1933)
22nd Amendment Limited the president to a maximum of two terms or 10 years (terms are 4 years) (1951)
23rd Amendment Gives residents of Washington DC the right to vote for representatives in the Electoral College (1961)
24th Amendment Eliminated Poll Tax, or tax you had to pay to vote (1964)
25th Amendment Defined succession if something happens to the president - next is VP, then Speaker of the House (1967)
26th Amendment Set the national voting age at 18 (1971)
27th Amendment Congressional salary changes can not take effect until the beginning of the next session of Congress (1992)
Created by: emilystephens1