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BIO 210

Anatomy and Physiology 1

Define Anatomy the study of body parts
Define Physiology the study of functions of body parts
Examples of specific fields Systemic anatomy and physiology
Levels of organization chemical (atoms and molecules) cellular (cells and their organelles) tissue (group of similar cells) organ (group of 2 types of tissue) organ system ( 2 or more organs working together)
Importance of anatomic position It is position of reference
Identify 3 body planes transverse, sagittal and coronal
Upper right quadrant kidney, most of liver and gal bladder
Upper left quadrant kidney, stomach and spleen
Lower right quadrant 1/2 bladder and appendix
Lower left quadrant 1/2 bladder
Types of Serosal membranes and where visceral (inner layer) parietal (outer layer)
Define Homeostasis ability to maintain a consistent inner environment in response to changing conditions.
Receptor sensor
Control Center ability to determine set point in which variable is maintained
Effector response act to reduce or enhance feedback
Set Point the ideal normal value for a variable
Define negative and positive feedback positive feedback amplifies the stimulus in same direction while negative feedback regulates most body process and moves stimulus in opposite direction
Characteristics common to all living things (first 3) organization (perform specific functions) development (changes organisms go through) metabolism (sum of all chemical reactions)
Integumentary system skin ; provides protective barrier
Nervous system brain ; controls cell function
Reproductive system vagina ; produces gametes
Respiratory system lungs ; adds oxygen to blood and removes carbon dioxide
Skeletal system bones ; protects major organs
Muscular system cardiac muscle ; moves bones
Characteristics common to living things (second 3) regulation (responses to stimuli regulate body functions) responsiveness (ability to sense and react to stimuli) reproduction (production of new cells)
Urinary system Kidneys ; removes waste
Cardiovascular system heart ; transports nutrients
Digestive system stomach ; breaks down food so body can absorb
Endocrine pancreas ; control cell functions with hormones (homeostasis)
Lymphatic thymus ; filters and detects diseases
Created by: imanimoore23



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