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BONE & APPENDICULAR

BONE & APPENDICULAR SKELETON Lab

QuestionAnswer
Compact Bone Looks smooth and homogeneous
Spongy Bone Composed of small trabeculae of bone and lots of open space
Wormian tiny bones between the sutures of the skull bones
Epiphysis Ends of long bones (remember e is curved like end of long bone)
Diaphysis Shaft of long bone (remember d has a shaft)
Periosteum Outer fibrous membrane covering of a bone
Endosteum Inner lining of the shaft
Epiphyseal plate Thin area of hyaline cartilage
Epiphyseal lines -Remnants of Epiphyseal plate -made of bone
Medullary cavity Hollow center of a long bone
Red bone marrow Makes blood cells
Articular cartilage -Also called hyaline cartilage -covers parts of bones that form joints, such as the Epiphysis
Markings of scapula 1. acromion process (tip of shoulder) 2. spine of scapula 3. glenoid fossa (grove) 4. Coracoid process (under acromion, beak)
Markings of Humerus 1. head of the humerus (looks like a ball) 2. proximal vs. distal end 3. olecranon fossa (on bottom posterior) (anterior has 3 ball parts on bottom)
Markings of Radius radius is lateral 1. head of radius (disk shaped head) 2. proximal vs. distal ends (small to big) 3. styloid process (lateral on big distal end)
Markings of Ulna 1. olecranon process (ball on posterior side) 2. styloid process (medial, little piece on distal end that hangs down) 3. proximal vs distal ends (proximal-socket wrench)
Carpals Have 8 bones
Metacarpals numbered 1 to 5 from the thumb side of the hand toward little finger.
Phalanges 14 in each hand
Os Coxa one-half of pelvic girdle
Markings of Ilium Top of os coxa a. iliac crest (ridge on top) b. anterior superior spine (ends on iliac crest) c. posterior superior spine (ends on iliac crest)
Ischium a. ischial tuberosity (near hole on bottom, posterior)
Pubis pubic symphysis (joint between two pubis bones)
acetabulum socket where the head of femur articulates
Markings of Femur 1. head and neck of femur 2. greater and lesser trochanter (top of cape, bottom of cape) 3. medial and lateral condyles (medial on same side as head) 4. proximal vs distal ends
Markings of Tibia 1. tibial tuberosity (anterior, big bump on front) 2. medial malleolus (protruding edge) 3. proximal vs distal ends (distal has sharp part)
Markings of Fibula 1. head 2. lateral malleolus (hanging protrusion)
Tarsals 7 Bones
calcaneus Heal
Metatarsals 5
Phalanges 14 in each foot
Created by: gotmilk954