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haney ap c12

What two system work together to maintain homeostasis? The Endocrine and Nervous systems.
What are endocrine glands and what is their main function? They are ductless glands that secrete hormones directly to the blood stream.
What is the main function of hormones? To control internal enviroment of the body from the cellular levvel to the organ level of organzation.
Define the Hypothalamus. inferior part of diencephalon. plays a major role in controling secretions from the pituiatry gland.
What is the name fiven to the pituitary gland? The master gland.
What stuctures make up the endocrine glands? pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus gland, the adrenal glands, islers of langernans of pancreas, ovaries in women and testes in men.
What does growth hormone do? Stimulates cell metabolism in most issues of the body causing cells to divide and increase in size.
What major condidtion can occur when a person suffers from a low GH level? A conditon known as pituitary dwarfism.
What hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete it's hormone called cortisol? Adrenocorticotropic hormone.
What produces melanin in melanocytes in the skin thus causing a deepening pigmentation or darkening of the skin? Melanocyte-stimulating hormone.
What hormone produces developement of follicles in the ovaries of females? Follicle-stimulating hormone.
What stimulates ovulation in the female sex hormone progesterone? Lutenizing hormone.
What is another name for lactogenic hormone? Prolactin.
describe the main function of oxytocin. Stimulates contraction of smooth muscles in the wall of the uterus.
What is the name of the small band tha tconnects the two lobes of the thyroid gland? Isthumus.
What substance does the thyroid gland need to function properly? Iodine.
What condition appears from too much secretion of thyroid hormone? Hyperthyroidism.
What type of hyperthyroidisn is caused by overproduction of thyroid hormone? Graves disease.
Bulging of the eyeballs is known as? Expothalmia.
What hormone lowers calcium and phosphate ion concentration of the blood? Calcitonin.
What is the inner part of each gland called? Adrenal medulla.
Cortosine is used for what purpose? To reduce inflammation and treatment of arthritis.
Adrenal sex hormones are known as? Androgens.
What sidease is a result from the adrenal cortex fails to produce enough hormones? Addison's disease.
What is the difference between alpha cells and beta cells? Alpha cell secrete glucagon and beta cells secrete insulin.
In addition to producing exocrine glands what do the male testes produce? Endocrine glands.
What is the name of the biloped mass of tissue found in the mediastunum behind the sternum between the lungs? Thymus gland.
What hormone is secreted by the pineal gland? Melatonin.
What is the main function of the neurotransmitter serotonin? Stimulates smooth muscles contraction and inhibits gastric secretions.
Created by: sara016



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