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Bryz MT/NAR Chap 7

Medical Terminology/NAR Chapter 7 Terms

QuestionAnswer
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome severely depressed immune system
Allergen substance creating a hypersensitivity (allergic) reaction
Anaphylaxis acute, severe allergic reaction.
Anemia reduction in the number of circulating RBCs
Antibiotic medication that is capable of inhibiting the growth of or killing bacteria
Antibody protein produced in response to an antigen
Anticoagulant substance that prevents blood clotting.
Antifungal an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi
Antiviral a medication used to treat viral infections
Autoimmune Disorder when the immune system attacks the body and reacts to a self-antigen with antibody production
Bacteria Single-celled microorganisms that exist as independent organisms or as parasites
Breast Self-Examination Self-care procedure using palpation to detect breast cancer early
Cancer class of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled division of cells
Carcinoma in situ malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues
Cytotoxic Drug medication that kills or damages cells
Diuretic medication administered to rid the body of excess sodium and water
Dyscrasia (Blood) – Any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood
Hematologist Someone who specializes with the blood and disorders
Hemochromatosis essentially an iron overload disease
Hemoglobin red-pigmented protein that is the main component of RBCs and holds oxygen
Hemolytic pertains to the destruction of RBCs so that hemoglobin is liberated
Hemostasis the control of bleeding
Human Immunodefiency Virus a retrovirus that can replicate its own RNA into host cells
Immunodeficiency Disorder A disease where the immune system is compromised and can be congenital, acquired, or side effects of medication
Immunosuppressant When the immune response is suppressed such as the common side effect of corticosteroids used in treatments
Immunotherapy treatment of disease either by stimulating or repressing the immune response
Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma Breast cancer that starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct, and invades the surrounding fatty breast tissue
Influenza (flu) contagious viral respiratory infection
Intact Skin (prevents what…?) wraps the body in a physical barrier to prevent invading organisms from entering the body
Leukemia Cancer of the hematopoietic tissues, which causes production of a excessive number of leukocytes
Leukocytes White blood cells which are a part of the normal immune response
Leukopenia when the WBC count drops low
Localized Allergic Response Allergic reaction isolated to a small specific part of the body like hives, redness, and/or itching
Lymph Node filter lymph and remove from it any foreign matter.
Lymphadenopathy Disease of the lymphatic system
Lymphocytes Cells responsible for fighting off infections
Malaria mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite like a mosquito which is transmitted by a bite
Mammography radiographic exam of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells
Natural Immunity The body being naturally protected against certain diseases
Oncologist physician who specializes in diagnosis/ treatment of malignant disorders like tumors/ cancer
Opportunistic Infection organism or pathogen causing disease in a host with lowered resistance
Parasite organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense
Rabies preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal
Radical Mastectomy surgical removal of an entire breast and many of the surrounding tissues
Septicemia decrease in the number of disease-fighting WBC’s circulating in the blood
Sickle Cell Anemia a genetic disorder with an abnormal hemoglobin that causes the RBCs to form a rigid sickle cell shape.
Systemic Reaction Full body allergic reaction
Thymus located in the mediastinum of the chest, allows for the maturation of T cells.
West Nile Virus virus most commonly spread to people by mosquito bites but usually does not have any showing symptoms
Created by: ebryzgornia