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AppliedHuman Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
What is a jones fracture A jones fracture is a break between the base and middle part of the 5th metatarsal on the foot.
What muscles/functions would be affected if the common fibular nerve was damaged Loss of dorsi-flexion, lateral muscles of the lower leg
Functions/importance of the plantar fascia Connects your heel bone to your toes. Helps contribute to the arch of the foot.
When a high ankle sprain occurs what ligament is most commonly damaged Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament
Most commonly injured ankle ligament Anterior talofibular ligament
What 3 structures form the femoral border Inguinal Ligament, Sartorius, Medial border of the adductor longus
Which 3 muscles distally insert into the pes anserinus Gracilis,Sartorius,Semitendinosus
3 Main ligaments that span the hip joint Ischiofemoral,Iliofemoral,Pubofemoral
What muscles are innervated by the Median nerve Anterior forearm muscles, lumbricals of the hand
What muscles are innervated by the Musculotaneous nerve Front portion of the arm, Coracobrachialis, Biceps brachii and the brachialis
What muscles are innervated by the Radial nerve The 3 heads of the triceps brachii, brachioradialis. Muscles of the posterior forearm
What muscles are innervated by the Ulnar nerve Flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum profundus
What muscles are innervated by the Axillary nerve Deltoid, tricep:longhead and teres minor
What muscles are innervated by the obturator nerve Adductor muscles of the lower limb,External obturator adductor longus adductor brevis,adductor magnus and gracilis.
What muscles are innervated by the femoral nerve Quariceps femoris (Vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and rectus femoris)
What muscles are innervated by the tibial nerve Triceps surae, Plantaris, Popliteus, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus
What muscles are innervated by the common fibular nerve Short head of the biceps femoris, extensor digitorum brevis, Extensor digitorum longus, tibialis anterior.
What muscles are important for quiet breathing External intercostals, Diaphragm
What muscles are important for forced inspiration Diaphragm, external intercostals, Sternocleidomastoids, pectoralis major and minor, serratus anterior and latissimus dorsi
What muscles are important for forced expiration Rectus abdominus, transverse abdominus, external oblique muscles and internal oblique muscles.
What is the longest muscle in the body Sartorius
Main function of the MCL Prevent the leg from over extending inward
Main function of the ACL Prevents anterior forward movement of the tibia off of the femur as well as hyper extension of the knee
Main function of the PCL Prevent the femur from sliding off the anterior edge of the tibia and prevent the tibia from displacing posterior to the femur
Main function of the LCL Prevent the knee from buckling backwards
What is piriformis syndrome, what nerve does it affect and what can occur Piriformis syndrome is when the piriformis spasms. It affects the sciatic nerve and can cause numbness and tingling along the back of the leg and into the foot
What inserts into the gerdys tubercle IT Band and anterior tibialis muscle
Movements between the atlas and axis in the yes movement of the neck Atlas and occipital bone for the atlanto-occipital bone which allows for neck flexion
Movements between the atlas and axis in no movement Neck rotation
What is the dens? Is a protuberance of the axis that allows the head and atlas to rotate around one another
What is the transverse ligament of the atlas and axis A thick, strong band which arches across the ring of the atlas
What nerve gets compressed and irritated in carpal tunnel syndrome Median nerve
Created by: Max Parsons