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Body Planes/Cavities

TermDefinition
Abdominal cavity Divides into an upper and lower part. The upper part contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, appendix, live, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen. Lower part - pelvic cavity
Abdominal regions A precise method of division including the right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, and lower left quadrant. Right quadrant - epigastric, umbilical, & hypogastric/pelvic part. Either side:hypochondriac, lumbar, and iliac/inguinal.
Anterior Body parts in front of the plane, or on the front of the body, are called ventral or anterior.
Body cavities Spaces within the body that contain vital organs. The two main body cavities include the dorsal/posterior cavity and the ventral/anterior cavity.
Body planes Imaginary lines drawn through the body at various parts to separate the body into sections. Directional terms are created by these planes. The three main body planes include the transverse, midsagittal, and frontal.
Buccal cavity One of the small cavities for the mouth, teeth, and tongue.
Caudal Body parts located near the sacral region of the spinal column (also known as the tail).
Cranial Body parts located near the head.
Cranial cavity One of the two sections of the dorsal cavity which contains the brain.
Distal One of the directional terms with its used to describe the location of the extremities (arms and legs) in relation to the main trunk of the body. Body parts distant from the point of reference.
Dorsal Body parts on the back of the body are called dorsal or posterior.
Dorsal cavity One long, continuous cavity located on the back of the body. It is divided into two sections: the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity.
Frontal (coronal) plane Divides the body into a front section and a back section.
Inferior Body parts below other parts. Example: The knee is superior to the ankle, but inferior to the hip.
Lateral Away from midline.
Medial Toward the midline.
Midsagittal plane Also known as the median plane, it divides the body into right and left halves.
Nasal cavity Another one of the small cavities, it has to do with the nose structures.
Orbital cavity A small cavity for the eyes.
Pelvic cavity The lower abdominal cavity contains the urinary bladder, the reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine.
Posterior Also known as dorsal, it is the body parts on the back of the body.
Proximal A directional term meaning body parts close to reference.
Spinal cavity Containing the spinal cord.
Superior Body parts above other parts.
Thoracic cavity Located in the chest and contains the esophagus, trachea, bronch; lungs, heart, and large blood vessels.
Transverse plane A horizontal -lane that divides the body into a top half and bottom half.
Ventral Body parts in front of the plane, or on the front of the body.
Ventral cavities Large than the dorsal cavities and separated into two distinct cavities by the dome-shaped muscle.
Anatomical position The body is facing forward, standing erect, legs slightly apart, and holding the arms at the sides with the palms of the hand facing forward.
Sagittal Divided your body into right and left sides.
The liver is (inferior, superior) to the diaphragm. Inferior
Fingers are located (proximal, distal) to the wrist. Distal
The skin on the dorsal surface of your body is said to be located on your (anterior, posterior) surface. Posterior
The great (big) toe is (medial, lateral) to the little toe. Lateral
The skin on your leg is (deep, superficial) to the muscle tissue in your leg. Superficial
When you float face down in a pool, you are lying (prone, supine) and on your (anterior, posterior) surface. Prone, anterior
The lungs and the heart are located (superior, inferior) to the abdominal organs. Superior
Which cavities is the heart located in? Pericardial and thoracic
Which cavity is the liver located in? Abdominal
Which cavity are the intestines located in? Abdominal
Which cavity) is the spinal cord located in? Spinal
Which cavity is the brain located in? Cranial
Which cavity are the sex organs located in? Pelvic
Which cavities is the lung located in? Thoracic, pleural
Which cavity is the spleen located in? Abdominal
Which cavity are the kidneys located in? Outside of the abdominal cavity, the retroperitoneal space
Which cavity is the stomach located in? Abdominal
Which cavity is the urinary bladder located in? Pelvic
Which cavity is the pancreas located in? Abdominal
Anterior is to ventral as posterior is to _. Dorsal
Superficial is to external as deep is to _. Internal
Cranial is to caudal as superior is to _. Inferior
Medial is to lateral as proximal is to _. Distal
The liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen are all located in the _. Abdominal cavity
The _/_ are near the groin. iliac/inguinal
The _ is located above the stomach. Epigastric
The _/_ are located below the ribs. Lumbar/lateral
The _ is located near the belly button (navel). Umbilical
The _/_ are located below the stomach. Hypogastric/pelvic
Created by: NataliaO
 

 



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