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The Muscular System

Health Science

TermDefinition
sternocleidomastoid connects the manubrium and clavicle, enters the skull through the temporal bone region
trapezius connects from the occipital bone and the lower thoracic vertebrae to the scapula
deltoid contracts anterior fibers of the humerus to rotate the arm
biceps brachii moves the elbow and the shoulder
triceps brachii attaches the elbow and the shoulder
pectoralis major felxion, adduction, and arm attachment to the trunk
intercostals between ribs, forms chest wall
rectus abdominus connects the pubic bone to the sternum
latissmus dorsi extension/adduction of the shoulder muscle
gluteus maximus coccyx, moves the hip and thighs
sartorius flex and rotate the thigh joint (illiac spine)
quadriceps femoris walking, running and jumping
tibialis anterior connects the lateral tibia to the medial cuneiform
gastrocnemius half of the calf muscle, flexs the foot and the leg
theraputic exercise retraining of injured or unused muscles
muscle atrophy shrink in size and lose muscle strength. can be caused by prolonged bed rest or immobilization of a limb
muscle strain overstretching or tearing of a muscle. (less serious than a sprain)
muscle spasm sustained contraction of the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
fibromyalgia 2nd most common condition affecting your bones and muscles
dystonia involuntary muscle movements that cause repetitive movements or abnormal postures
torticollis the muscles in the head cause the head to be pulled one way or another.
blepharospasm increased blinking
craniofacial dystonia afects muscles of the head, face, neck, jaw, lips, and tongue
hernia organs protrude through the abdominal wall (stomach pushes through diaphram)
tetanus infectious disease by continuous spams of voluntary muscles. Caused by bacterium that enter the body through a puncture wound
muscular dystrophy deterioration of muscle cells
mysthenia gravis loss of connection between nerves and muscles
heel spur calcium deposit in plantar fascia near attachment to calcaneous bone
plantar fascittis plantar fascia inflammation on the sole of the foot
tennis elbow inflammed tendon due to repetitive use and underconditioning
shin splints injury to muscle tendon (location- tibia)
rotator cuff injury inflammation in the group of tendons at the shoulder
Created by: eguertin