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Kaplan Pharm A

Kaplan Nursing Pharmacology Parenteral Therapy A

QuestionAnswer
Gastrointestinal Antidiarrheal Agents Diphenoxylate, Loperamide, and Rifaximin
Gastrointestinal Antidiarrheal Agents adverse effects dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth
Gastrointestinal Antiemetics Metoclopramide, Ondasetron, Promethazine, and Prochlorperanize
What are antiemetics used for? Nausea and Vomiting
Antiflatulent drug Simetihcine
Adverse effects for Antiflatulent Therapy eructation, flatus
What is an analgesic? a drug acting to relieve pain
What is aspirin used for? Aspirin is a nonopioid analgesic and is used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain or fever, transient ischemic attacks, prophylaxis of heart attacks, ischemic stroke, and angina
What are the adverse effects of aspirin? tinnitus, urticaria, bronchospasm, nausea and vomiting
what do opioids do? Opioids bind to opiod receptors and change pain perception, suppresses cough reflex and depresses the CNS.
What are opioids used for? treatment of mild to severe pain
What are the adverse effects of opioid use? sedation, hypotension, GI upset, nausea, constipation, dry mouth, respiratory depression, confusion and dizziness
what medicines work against opioids? Naloxone and Naltrexone
What do Histamine 2 receptor agonists do? they inhibit gastric secretion and decrease total pepsin output
What are the Histamine 2 Receptor antagonists medications? The "-IDINES" : Cimetidine, Famotidine, and Ranitidine
What are the Proton pump inhibitors Esomeprazole and Lansoprazole
What do proton pumps do? `they bind to enzyme in the presence of gastric pH to prevent final transport of hydrogen ion into the stomach
Other Peptic Ulcer Medications
What does an ACE Inhibitor do? Dilates the veins and arteries to decrease preload, afterload and cardiac work
What is digoxin? a cardiac glycoside with a narrow therapeutic index or range
What is digoxin used for? used in the treatment of heart failure, atrial fibrillation, flutter or tachycardia
Adverse effects of Digoxin anorexia, nausea, vomiting, bradycardia, visual disturbances, confusion, abdominal pain and monitoring coconuts
what do Antidepressant Reuptake inhibitors do? it increases serotonin and norepinephrine
Names of the Antidepressant Reuptake inhibitors bupropion and trazodone
what do leukotriene modifiers do? they suppress leukotrienes, bronchoconstrictors cause inflammation, edema and increased mucus secretion
leukotriene modifiers Montelukast
what do bronchodilators do? used to dilate bronchi and provide respiratory relief
What are the tuberculosis meds used for? used as first-line therapy to treat active tuberculosis or as a prophylactic to treat clients exposed to TB
Tuberculosis Medications Ethambutol, Isoniazid***, and Rifampin
What is the most commonly used medication for Tuberculosis prophylaxis and treatment Isoniazid
Nursing Considerations for Isoniazid give in combination with other antitubercular agents when treating / give vitamin B6 to prevent peripheral neuritis
What medication can be administered for both a Urinary Tract Infection and Chronic bronchitis Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
Pounds to Kilogram 2.2lb=1kg
Pounds and Ounces into Kilograms Divide ounces by 16 to obtain a fraction of a pound / divide pounds and fraction of a pound by 2.2
Milliliters to Ounces 30ml=1ounce
Calculate IV drip by gravity (Milliliters)(drop factor)/time in minutes=drops/minute
Calculate IV rate via infusion pump Milliliters * drop factor=x /60
Created by: lincoln2020