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Bryz MT/NAR Chap 6

Medical Terminology/NAR Chapter 6 Terms

TermDefinition
Aneurysm Dilation of an artery caused by a weakness in the vessel
Angina Condition where the heart muscle isn't receiving enough oxygen
Angioplasty surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel
Antiarrhythmic drug that suppresses abnormal rhythms of the heart
Arrhythmia abnormal rhythm of the heart
Arteries muscular blood vessels that push blood away from the heart
Atheroma degeneration of the artery walls
Atherosclerosis hardening and narrowing of arteries
Capillaries fine branching blood vessels exchanging nutrients and waste products with tissues
Cardiac Arrest Heart stops beating normally
Cardiac Catheterization when a long thin tube called a catheter is inserted in an artery or vein in the groin, neck or arm and threaded through the blood vessels to the heart
Cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Chest compressions and artificial ventilations to help with cardiac arrest
Cardioversion restores normal heart rhythm with timed electrical shocks
Cholesterol waxy fat-like substance found in the body
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft improves blood flow to the heart with creating additional tubular pathways around a blockage in the coronary arteries
Defibrillation giving electrical shocks to stop a fibrillating heart
Diastole heart at rest
Echocardiogram a test that uses high frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to make pictures of your heart
Electrocardiogram a record of the electrical activity with the heart
Embolism lodging of a blood clot, fat, air bubble, or foreign material blocking a vessel
Embolus the actual stuff blocking the vessel
Endocarditis inflammation of the inside of the heart
Heart Failure heart doesn't pump blood adequately which leads to the backup of fluid
Holter Monitor a continuous ECG recorded on a tape-recorder cassette as a person works, plays, and rests during a 24-hour period.
Hypertension high blood pressure
Ischemic Heart Disease heart issues based on blockages in the vessels which results in a lack of oxygen to the tissues
Murmur when a valve of the heart does not completely close and blood continues to leak through
Myocardial Infarction Heart attack, when the heart muscle does not receive nutrients which causes tissue death
Pericardium Surrounding the heart
Phlebitis inflammation of the vein
Plaque fatty deposit
Pulmonary Arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs
Sickle Cell Anemia abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to become rigid, sticky, and misshapen
Stent tubular support placed inside a blood vessel to relieve an obstruction
Systolic Pressure Pressure of blood in the vessels when the heart is contracting
Tachycardia Fast heart beat
Thrombolytic dissolves clots in blood vessels
Thrombosis local clotting of blood in a vessel
Thrombus actual blood clot formed
Valvulitis inflammation of a valve
Varicose Veins gnarled, enlarged veins with faulty valves causing wrong-way flow of blood
Veins vessels that bring blood back to the heart
Ventricular Tachycardia Abnormally fast heart beat originating in the ventricles
Created by: ebryzgornia