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Chapter 8

Page 268

Combining Form Meaning
amni/o amnion amniocentesis amniotic fluid-produced by fetal membranes and the fetus.
bartholin/o bartholin gland bartholinitis-a bartholin cyst is a fluid-filled sac caused by blockage of a duct from the Bartholin gland. If bacterial infection occurs, an abscess may form.
cervic/o cervix, neck endocervicitis
chori/o, chorion/o chorion chorionic
colp/o vagina colposcopy-is used to evaluate a patient with an abnormal Pap test.
culd/o cul-de-sac culdocentesis-a needle is placed through the posterior wall of the vagia and fluid is withdrawn for diagnostic purposes.
episi/o vulva episiotomy-an incision through the skin of the perineum enlarges the vaginal orifice for delivery. the incision is repaired by perineorrhaphy.
galact/o milk galactorrhea-abnormal, persistent discharge of milk, commonly seen with pituitary gland tumors.
gynec/o woman, female gynecomastia-enlargement of breasts in a male. It often occurs with puberty or aging, or the condition can be drug-related.
hyster/o uterus, womb hysterectomy-Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) is removal of the entire uterus (including the cervix) through an abdominal incision.
lact/o milk lactation the normal secretion of milk.
mamm/o breast inframammary-infra- means below.
mast/o breast mastitis-Usually caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal infection.
men/o menses, menstruation amenorrhea-absence of menses for 6 months or for longer than three of the patient's normal menstrual cycles.
metr/o, metri/o uterus metrorrhagia-abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods. Fibroids are leading cause of menorrhagia.
my/o, myom/o muscle, muscle tumor myomectomy-removal of fibroids (myomas) from the uterus.
nat/i birth neonatal
obstetr/o pregnancy and childbirth From the Latin obstetrix, midwife.
o/o egg oogenesis oocyte-immature ovum.
oophor/o ovary oophorectomy-Oophor/o means to bear (phor/o) eggs (o/o). In a bilateral oophorectomy, both ovaries are removed.
ov/o egg ovum-Mature egg cell.
ovari/o ovary ovarian
ovul/o anovulatory
perine/o perineum perineorrhaphy
phor/o to bear oophoritis
salping/o fallopian tubes salpingectomy-a total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo- oophorectomy (BSO).
uter/o uterus uterine prolapse
vagin/o vagina vaginal orifice-an orifice is an opening.
vulv/o vulva vulvovaginitis vulvodynia-Chronic pain (with no identifiable cause) tha affects the vulvar area (labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening).
Created by: MissMeeMee