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Unit 4 Concepts 3&4

World War II A time period from 1939-1945 during which world powers fought in part due to Germany and Japan’s desire to expand their empires.
Holocaust Term used for the systematic destruction of the Jewish people of Eastern Europe by Hitler
genocide The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic or religious group.
ghetto An area of a city to which Jews were restricted and from which they were forbidden to leave
concentration camp Work or death camps located in Germany and Poland to incarcerate and exterminate Jews and other “undesirables”
philosophies Ideas attributed to a particular group or culture
superpowers Term used to describe the United States and the Soviet Union as they entered the Cold War
Cold War A struggle that erupted between the Soviet Union and its former allies over ideas about freedom, government and economics. It is called this because there was no shooting
reunification The process in which East and West Germany reunited into one country
capitalism An economic and political system in which a country’s trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state/government.
anti-Semistism Racial bias or prejudice against Jews
Axis Powers The countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan that were defeated by the Allied Powers in World War II.
Allied Powers The countries of Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union who fought against the Axis Powers.
Iron Curtain A symbolic line that divided the communist countries in Eastern Europe and capitalist democracies in Western Europe.
Created by: jessica.watson